In this work, we present the effects of ionic and zwitterionic surfactants on the hydrolytic activity of Candida rugosa lipase (CRL), one of the most important and widely used microbial lipases. A series of amine N-oxide surfactants was studied to explore the relationship between their molecular structures and their effect on catalytic properties of CRL. These zwitterionic amphiphiles are known for their ability to form aggregates that can increase their size, thanks to a sphere-rod transition, without any additive. Enzyme activity seemed to be improved by morphological changes of micelles from spherical to rod-like, and the structure of the monomers played a crucial role in this transition. In fact, all the amine oxides investigated provoked superactivation, but the CRL activity increased by lengthening the alkyl chain of N-oxide surfactants, whereas it decreased in the presence of bulky head groups. Superactivity was mainly because of an increase in kcat (0.57 s-1 in buffer, 0.80-1.99 s-1 in surfactant solutions) and, in some cases, a decrease in KM (2 × 10-3 M in buffer, 1.08-4.28 × 10-3 M in surfactant solutions). Micelles seemed to play a dual role: superactivity occurred at surfactant concentrations higher than their critical micelle concentration, but, on the other hand, micelles subtracted the substrate from the bulk, making it unavailable for the catalysis.

Effect of Surfactant Structure on the Superactivity of Candida rugosa Lipase

GABRIELE, FRANCESCO;Spreti, Nicoletta
;
2018

Abstract

In this work, we present the effects of ionic and zwitterionic surfactants on the hydrolytic activity of Candida rugosa lipase (CRL), one of the most important and widely used microbial lipases. A series of amine N-oxide surfactants was studied to explore the relationship between their molecular structures and their effect on catalytic properties of CRL. These zwitterionic amphiphiles are known for their ability to form aggregates that can increase their size, thanks to a sphere-rod transition, without any additive. Enzyme activity seemed to be improved by morphological changes of micelles from spherical to rod-like, and the structure of the monomers played a crucial role in this transition. In fact, all the amine oxides investigated provoked superactivation, but the CRL activity increased by lengthening the alkyl chain of N-oxide surfactants, whereas it decreased in the presence of bulky head groups. Superactivity was mainly because of an increase in kcat (0.57 s-1 in buffer, 0.80-1.99 s-1 in surfactant solutions) and, in some cases, a decrease in KM (2 × 10-3 M in buffer, 1.08-4.28 × 10-3 M in surfactant solutions). Micelles seemed to play a dual role: superactivity occurred at surfactant concentrations higher than their critical micelle concentration, but, on the other hand, micelles subtracted the substrate from the bulk, making it unavailable for the catalysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/130054
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