A stirred tank membrane reactor is used to study the kinetics of polygalacturonic acid (PGA) enzymatic hydrolysis. The reactor operates in semicontinuous configuration: the native biopolymer is loaded at the initial time and the system is continuously fed with the buffer. The effect of retention time (from 101 to 142 min) and membrane molecular weight cutoff (from 1 to 30 kDa) on the rate of permeable oligomers production is investigated. Reaction products are clustered in two different classes, those sized below the membrane cutoff and those above. The reducing power measured in the permeate is used as an estimate of total product concentration. The characteristic breakdown times range from 40 to 100 min. The overall kinetics obeys a first-order law with a characteristic time estimated to 24 min. New mathematical data handling are developed and illustrated using the experimental data obtained. Finally, the body of the experimental results suggests useful indications (reactor productivity, breakdown induction period) for implementing the bioprocess at the industrial scale.

Investigating the kinetics of the enzymatic depolymerization of polygalacturonic acid in continuous UF-membrane reactorss reactors

GALLIFUOCO, ALBERTO;CANTARELLA M;
2007

Abstract

A stirred tank membrane reactor is used to study the kinetics of polygalacturonic acid (PGA) enzymatic hydrolysis. The reactor operates in semicontinuous configuration: the native biopolymer is loaded at the initial time and the system is continuously fed with the buffer. The effect of retention time (from 101 to 142 min) and membrane molecular weight cutoff (from 1 to 30 kDa) on the rate of permeable oligomers production is investigated. Reaction products are clustered in two different classes, those sized below the membrane cutoff and those above. The reducing power measured in the permeate is used as an estimate of total product concentration. The characteristic breakdown times range from 40 to 100 min. The overall kinetics obeys a first-order law with a characteristic time estimated to 24 min. New mathematical data handling are developed and illustrated using the experimental data obtained. Finally, the body of the experimental results suggests useful indications (reactor productivity, breakdown induction period) for implementing the bioprocess at the industrial scale.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/13038
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