Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. Fractalkine, a CX3C/chemokine (CX3CL1), mediates monocytes–macrophage infiltration in activated endothelium, suggesting its specific role in atherosclerosis-related inflammation. In this study, we evaluate the following in early RA patients: the expression of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) on CD4+/CD28− T cells, a subset involved in atherosclerotic infiltration; the correlation between this subset and validated markers of early atherosclerosis. CD4+ T cells were isolated by immunomagnetics beads in 50 early RA patients and 26 healthy controls (HC). After isolation, CD4+/CD28−/CX3CR1+ T lymphocytes were assessed by FACS analysis. Endothelial dysfunction was evaluated by both carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV).We observed: a higher expansion of CD4+/CD28− subset in RA patients when compared to HC (7.7%, 5.15–9.7 vs. 0.7%, 0.2–1.5, P <0.01; respectively); this expansion directly correlated with increased IMT (0.91 mm, 0.5–1.3 vs. 0.7 mm, 0.2–1, P < 0.01; RA vs. C, respectively) and inversely correlated with FMV (3.5%, 1.7–7 vs. 9%, 3.5–11, P < 0.01; RA vs. C, respectively); the large majority of CD4+/CD28−, in RA, coexpressed CX3CR1 (93%, 67–99 vs. 30%, 10–48, P < 0.01; RA vs. C, respectively); this expansion significantly correlated with both the parameters of premature vascular damage and DAS 28. Our data suggest that CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis might play a role in the induction and development of the endothelial dysfunction during RA.

Surface expression of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) on CD4+/CD28-. T cells in RA patients and correlation with atherosclerotic damage

CIPRIANI, PAOLA;LIAKOULI V;PENCO, MARIA
2007

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. Fractalkine, a CX3C/chemokine (CX3CL1), mediates monocytes–macrophage infiltration in activated endothelium, suggesting its specific role in atherosclerosis-related inflammation. In this study, we evaluate the following in early RA patients: the expression of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) on CD4+/CD28− T cells, a subset involved in atherosclerotic infiltration; the correlation between this subset and validated markers of early atherosclerosis. CD4+ T cells were isolated by immunomagnetics beads in 50 early RA patients and 26 healthy controls (HC). After isolation, CD4+/CD28−/CX3CR1+ T lymphocytes were assessed by FACS analysis. Endothelial dysfunction was evaluated by both carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV).We observed: a higher expansion of CD4+/CD28− subset in RA patients when compared to HC (7.7%, 5.15–9.7 vs. 0.7%, 0.2–1.5, P <0.01; respectively); this expansion directly correlated with increased IMT (0.91 mm, 0.5–1.3 vs. 0.7 mm, 0.2–1, P < 0.01; RA vs. C, respectively) and inversely correlated with FMV (3.5%, 1.7–7 vs. 9%, 3.5–11, P < 0.01; RA vs. C, respectively); the large majority of CD4+/CD28−, in RA, coexpressed CX3CR1 (93%, 67–99 vs. 30%, 10–48, P < 0.01; RA vs. C, respectively); this expansion significantly correlated with both the parameters of premature vascular damage and DAS 28. Our data suggest that CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis might play a role in the induction and development of the endothelial dysfunction during RA.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Pingiotti AnnNYAcademySci2007.pdf

non disponibili

Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 116.66 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
116.66 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/13120
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 39
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 37
social impact