The aim of this research was to investigate the methyl orange degradation using hydrodynamic cavitation. The synthetic solutions simulated a real textile effluent containing dye and metals (iron and nickel) as a consequence of the corrosion of nickel-plated metal components of the plant during the production of textile materials. In the first series of experiments, the hydrodynamic cavitation was studied in terms of operating inlet pressure and pH of solution. Subsequently, a full factorial plan was performed to determine the main effects and interactions among the investigated factors: inlet pressure (pin), temperature (T), initial dye concentration (cMO/0), and treatment time (t). The results showed that inlet pressure, temperature and concentration had a significant positive effect on dye degradation, as well as the interactions temperature/dye concentration and pressure/time. The optimum operating conditions among those investigated were: cMO/0 = 5 ppm, pH = 2, pin = 0.6 MPa and t = 1 h, independently of temperature (T). In the above conditions, the degradation yields were near to 75% and the final concentration was less than 1 ppm. On the contrary, at cMO/0 = 20 ppm, pH = 2, pin = 0.6 MPa, 40 °C and t = 1 h, the degradation efficiency was about 56% and the final concentration was less than 9 ppm. A comparison among the experiments carried out in the absence and in the presence of iron and nickel showed that metals acted as catalysts and the energy required for the process with metal ions was 5 times smaller than those required by the experiments conducted without the metals in solution, at the same operating conditions.

Optimization of hydrodynamic cavitation process of azo dye reduction in the presence of metal ions

Innocenzi, V.;Prisciandaro, M.;Tortora, F.;Vegliò, F.
2018-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate the methyl orange degradation using hydrodynamic cavitation. The synthetic solutions simulated a real textile effluent containing dye and metals (iron and nickel) as a consequence of the corrosion of nickel-plated metal components of the plant during the production of textile materials. In the first series of experiments, the hydrodynamic cavitation was studied in terms of operating inlet pressure and pH of solution. Subsequently, a full factorial plan was performed to determine the main effects and interactions among the investigated factors: inlet pressure (pin), temperature (T), initial dye concentration (cMO/0), and treatment time (t). The results showed that inlet pressure, temperature and concentration had a significant positive effect on dye degradation, as well as the interactions temperature/dye concentration and pressure/time. The optimum operating conditions among those investigated were: cMO/0 = 5 ppm, pH = 2, pin = 0.6 MPa and t = 1 h, independently of temperature (T). In the above conditions, the degradation yields were near to 75% and the final concentration was less than 1 ppm. On the contrary, at cMO/0 = 20 ppm, pH = 2, pin = 0.6 MPa, 40 °C and t = 1 h, the degradation efficiency was about 56% and the final concentration was less than 9 ppm. A comparison among the experiments carried out in the absence and in the presence of iron and nickel showed that metals acted as catalysts and the energy required for the process with metal ions was 5 times smaller than those required by the experiments conducted without the metals in solution, at the same operating conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/132282
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