BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional studies, it was demonstrated that the therapeutic effect of mesalazine is closely related to its mucosal concentration. AIM: This study was carried out to verify in a longitudinal study if it was possible to improve the clinical course of ulcerative colitis at high risk of recurrence by increasing mucosal mesalazine concentration. METHODS: Eighteen consecutive ulcerative colitis patients on continuous oral 5-ASA treatment (2.4-3.2 g/day) in clinical remission who had had at least four moderate to severe relapses in the preceding 2 years (referred period) were assigned to assume oral (3.2-4.8 g/day) and topical (4 g/day) mesalazine in order to increase mucosal drug concentration and were followed up for 2 years (study period). The localisation of disease was 12 pancolitis, six left colitis. The number and severity of recurrences, number of visits and endoscopies, courses of steroids and days of hospitalisation were compared with those of the previous 2 years. Rank signed test for paired data was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The total number of recurrences was significantly lower during the study period in comparison with that of referred period (8 versus 80, respectively, p < 0.0001). No courses of steroids or hospitalisation were necessary during study period in comparison with those of referred period (0 versus 33, p < 0.0001; 0 versus 93, p = 0.03, respectively). A total number of 249 visits were done during the referred period and 116 during the study period (p < 0.0001) with a total of 87 endoscopies during referred period and 44 during study period (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The continuous use of topical mesalazine associated with a high oral dosage significantly improves the clinical course of ulcerative colitis patients at high risk of relapse.

Long-term oral plus topical mesalazine in frequently relapsing ulcerative colitis. Dig Liver Dis 2005;37:92-96

LATELLA, GIOVANNI;
2005-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional studies, it was demonstrated that the therapeutic effect of mesalazine is closely related to its mucosal concentration. AIM: This study was carried out to verify in a longitudinal study if it was possible to improve the clinical course of ulcerative colitis at high risk of recurrence by increasing mucosal mesalazine concentration. METHODS: Eighteen consecutive ulcerative colitis patients on continuous oral 5-ASA treatment (2.4-3.2 g/day) in clinical remission who had had at least four moderate to severe relapses in the preceding 2 years (referred period) were assigned to assume oral (3.2-4.8 g/day) and topical (4 g/day) mesalazine in order to increase mucosal drug concentration and were followed up for 2 years (study period). The localisation of disease was 12 pancolitis, six left colitis. The number and severity of recurrences, number of visits and endoscopies, courses of steroids and days of hospitalisation were compared with those of the previous 2 years. Rank signed test for paired data was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The total number of recurrences was significantly lower during the study period in comparison with that of referred period (8 versus 80, respectively, p < 0.0001). No courses of steroids or hospitalisation were necessary during study period in comparison with those of referred period (0 versus 33, p < 0.0001; 0 versus 93, p = 0.03, respectively). A total number of 249 visits were done during the referred period and 116 during the study period (p < 0.0001) with a total of 87 endoscopies during referred period and 44 during study period (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The continuous use of topical mesalazine associated with a high oral dosage significantly improves the clinical course of ulcerative colitis patients at high risk of relapse.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/13243
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 56
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 43
social impact