Background and Aim: Many investigations have demonstrated that changes in body weight are frequent in patients with coeliac disease (CD) after a gluten-free diet (GFD); conversely data on the metabolic syndrome (MS) and hepatic steatosis (HS) are still rare. The aim is to evaluate the prevalence of MS and HS in patients with CD, before and after a GFD. Methods: One hundred eighty-five coeliac adult patients were enrolled in the study. Diagnosis of MS was made according to the current international criteria including waist circumference (WC), hypertension, reduction of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, and hyperglycemia. Body mass index (BMI), hypercholesterolemia, and HS were also assessed. Results: CD patients showed an increased risk of developing both MS and HS after following a GFD. MS was reported in 3.24% of the cases at the time of CD diagnosis and in 14.59% after GFD (p < 0.0001). HS was reported in 1.7% at the time of diagnosis and in 11.1% after GFD (p < 0.0001). With regard to metabolic sub-categories, the prevalence of the increase in WC, hypertension, reduction of HDL cholesterol, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, and BMI > 25 was significantly higher after GFD compared to baseline at CD diagnosis. Conclusion: In CD patients, following a GFD maybe can contribute to the development of MS and HS. Patients should be informed about this possible risk.

Metabolic Alterations in Celiac Disease Occurring after Following a Gluten-Free Diet

Ciccone, Antonio;Gabrieli, Dolores;Di Ruscio, Mirko;Vernia, Filippo;STEFANELLI, GIANPIERO;Necozione, Stefano;Melideo, Dina;Viscido, Angelo;Frieri, Giuseppe;Latella, Giovanni
2018

Abstract

Background and Aim: Many investigations have demonstrated that changes in body weight are frequent in patients with coeliac disease (CD) after a gluten-free diet (GFD); conversely data on the metabolic syndrome (MS) and hepatic steatosis (HS) are still rare. The aim is to evaluate the prevalence of MS and HS in patients with CD, before and after a GFD. Methods: One hundred eighty-five coeliac adult patients were enrolled in the study. Diagnosis of MS was made according to the current international criteria including waist circumference (WC), hypertension, reduction of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, and hyperglycemia. Body mass index (BMI), hypercholesterolemia, and HS were also assessed. Results: CD patients showed an increased risk of developing both MS and HS after following a GFD. MS was reported in 3.24% of the cases at the time of CD diagnosis and in 14.59% after GFD (p < 0.0001). HS was reported in 1.7% at the time of diagnosis and in 11.1% after GFD (p < 0.0001). With regard to metabolic sub-categories, the prevalence of the increase in WC, hypertension, reduction of HDL cholesterol, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, and BMI > 25 was significantly higher after GFD compared to baseline at CD diagnosis. Conclusion: In CD patients, following a GFD maybe can contribute to the development of MS and HS. Patients should be informed about this possible risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/132738
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