The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between resilience, risky family and psychiatric symptoms in order to understand which role resilience may have. 608 post-doc course students (323 males and 285 females) were recruited and evaluated through the Resilience Scale for Adult, the Risky Family Questionnaire and the Brief Symptom Inventory. A cluster analysis was implemented to understand the possible associations among the variables, showing four clusters; then a correlation analysis for each cluster was carried out. There was a significant and meaningful correlation pattern for cluster 1. Subsequently a Sobel test in cluster 1 was implemented, with a significant mediating role for resilience. Resilience is associated with less symptoms in Clusters 1 and 2, but in different ways. It has a protective role, mediating the relation between risky family and psychiatric symptoms in Cluster 1. Meanwhile it has a compensatory effect buffering the symptoms in Cluster 2. Clusters 3 and 4 show a high level of family stress and symptoms but a low level of resilience. It is possible to hypothesize that resilience does not “work” when there has been a high past risky family and so resilience could not have protective or compensatory effect.

Different roles of resilience in a non clinical sample evaluated for family stress and psychiatric symptoms

Collazzoni, Alberto;TOSONE, ADELE;Rossetti, Maria Cristina;D'Onofrio, Simona;Rossi, Alessandro
2016

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between resilience, risky family and psychiatric symptoms in order to understand which role resilience may have. 608 post-doc course students (323 males and 285 females) were recruited and evaluated through the Resilience Scale for Adult, the Risky Family Questionnaire and the Brief Symptom Inventory. A cluster analysis was implemented to understand the possible associations among the variables, showing four clusters; then a correlation analysis for each cluster was carried out. There was a significant and meaningful correlation pattern for cluster 1. Subsequently a Sobel test in cluster 1 was implemented, with a significant mediating role for resilience. Resilience is associated with less symptoms in Clusters 1 and 2, but in different ways. It has a protective role, mediating the relation between risky family and psychiatric symptoms in Cluster 1. Meanwhile it has a compensatory effect buffering the symptoms in Cluster 2. Clusters 3 and 4 show a high level of family stress and symptoms but a low level of resilience. It is possible to hypothesize that resilience does not “work” when there has been a high past risky family and so resilience could not have protective or compensatory effect.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/133149
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