Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) in oocyte donation cycles and correlate it with the sperm parameters, the male characteristics, the embryo quality and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods: A total of 150 couples participating in an oocyte donation program were included in the study. Sperm samples were assessed by conventional sperm analysis. DFI was evaluated using the Halosperm kit, a sperm chromatin dispersion test (SCD). Results: The relations between DNA damage and epidemiological male factors (age, height, weight), standard semen parameters (concentration, total and forward motility, and morphology), and embryological and clinical parameters (fertilization rate, total blastocyst number, number of good quality blastocyst, clinical pregnancy) were analyzed. DFI was positively correlated with advanced male age (r = 0.23, p < 0.05) and negatively correlated with total sperm and forward motility (r = - 0.29, r = - 0.27, respectively; p < 0.05). DFI was not significantly correlated with pregnancy outcome in oocyte donation cycles (r = - 0.05, p > 0.05). When good quality blastocysts were chosen, a trend toward the development of good quality embryos was detected in the presence of a low DFI (r = - 0.20, p = 0.08). Conclusions: DFI does not significantly affect the outcome of ICSI in oocyte donation cycles. Even in cases of advanced paternal age that a high DFI resulted sperm DNA fragmentation seems not to adversely affect the final outcome.

The impact of sperm DNA fragmentation on ICSI outcome in cases of donated oocytes

Antonouli, Sevastiani;Palmerini, Maria Grazia;Macchiarelli, Guido;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) in oocyte donation cycles and correlate it with the sperm parameters, the male characteristics, the embryo quality and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods: A total of 150 couples participating in an oocyte donation program were included in the study. Sperm samples were assessed by conventional sperm analysis. DFI was evaluated using the Halosperm kit, a sperm chromatin dispersion test (SCD). Results: The relations between DNA damage and epidemiological male factors (age, height, weight), standard semen parameters (concentration, total and forward motility, and morphology), and embryological and clinical parameters (fertilization rate, total blastocyst number, number of good quality blastocyst, clinical pregnancy) were analyzed. DFI was positively correlated with advanced male age (r = 0.23, p < 0.05) and negatively correlated with total sperm and forward motility (r = - 0.29, r = - 0.27, respectively; p < 0.05). DFI was not significantly correlated with pregnancy outcome in oocyte donation cycles (r = - 0.05, p > 0.05). When good quality blastocysts were chosen, a trend toward the development of good quality embryos was detected in the presence of a low DFI (r = - 0.20, p = 0.08). Conclusions: DFI does not significantly affect the outcome of ICSI in oocyte donation cycles. Even in cases of advanced paternal age that a high DFI resulted sperm DNA fragmentation seems not to adversely affect the final outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/133246
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