The Δ N formalism, based on the counting of the number of e-folds during inflation in different local patches of the Universe, has been introduced several years ago as a simple and physically intuitive approach to calculate (non-linear) curvature perturbations from inflation on large sales, without resorting to the full machinery of (higher-order) perturbation theory. Later on, it was claimed the equivalence with the results found by introducing a conserved fully non-linear current ζμ, thereby allowing to directly connect perturbations during inflation to late-Universe observables. We discus some issues arising from the choice of the initial hyper-surface in the Δ N formalism. By using a novel exact expression for ζμ, valid for any barotropic fluid, we find that it is not in general related to the standard uniform density curvature perturbation ζ; such a result conflicts with the claimed equivalence with Δ N formalism. Moreover, a similar analysis is done for the proposed non-perturbative generalization Script Rμ of the comoving curvature perturbation Script R.

Δ Formalism and Conserved Currents in Cosmology

L. Pilo;
2019

Abstract

The Δ N formalism, based on the counting of the number of e-folds during inflation in different local patches of the Universe, has been introduced several years ago as a simple and physically intuitive approach to calculate (non-linear) curvature perturbations from inflation on large sales, without resorting to the full machinery of (higher-order) perturbation theory. Later on, it was claimed the equivalence with the results found by introducing a conserved fully non-linear current ζμ, thereby allowing to directly connect perturbations during inflation to late-Universe observables. We discus some issues arising from the choice of the initial hyper-surface in the Δ N formalism. By using a novel exact expression for ζμ, valid for any barotropic fluid, we find that it is not in general related to the standard uniform density curvature perturbation ζ; such a result conflicts with the claimed equivalence with Δ N formalism. Moreover, a similar analysis is done for the proposed non-perturbative generalization Script Rμ of the comoving curvature perturbation Script R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/133533
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