Purpose of the Review: To summarize available evidence regarding lipid-lowering interventions for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes. Recent Findings: Statins and non-statin therapies that act through upregulation of LDL receptor expression are associated with similar cardiovascular risk reduction per decrease in LDL cholesterol. Summary: In subjects with diabetes, with or without established cardiovascular disease, each 39 mg/dl reduction in LDL cholesterol observed with statins is associated with a 21% relative reduction in the risk of major coronary events at 5 years. Statins remain the first-line lipid-lowering agents for the management of dyslipidemia in individuals with diabetes; however, the addition of non-statin therapies to lower LDL cholesterol, such as ezetimibe and PCSK-9 inhibitors, to maximally tolerated statin therapy is recommended in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and baseline LDL cholesterol over 70 mg/dl. Recent data support even lower LDL cholesterol targets (< 55 mg/dl) to further reduce the risk of cardiovascular events especially in subjects with diabetes and documented cardiovascular disease.
|Titolo:||Comparison of Lipid-Lowering Medications and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease in Diabetes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|