Gasification is a very advantageous conversion process to obtain a fuel gas from organic wastes, however it also generates by-products, such as particulate and tar. These should be removed from the syngas for its smooth utilization in power generation devices and/or biofuels production. In this work, biomass gasification tests were carried out in a bench-scale fluidized bed gasifier with a ceramic filter candle filled with commercial Ni-catalyst pellets integrated in its freeboard, for the abatement of particulate and tar. The activity of catalyst was studied at different operating conditions (temperature and catalyst bed layout) and the results were analysed in terms of residual tar content and composition of the product gas. The catalyst resulted very effective, particularly in tests at higher temperature and with the partially filled candle configuration. Tars were reduced to 250 mg/Nm 3 in the best case. The Ni-catalyst did not show deactivation during tests lasting 4 h.

Syngas conditioning by ceramic filter candles filled with catalyst pellets and placed inside the freeboard of a fluidized bed steam gasifier

Savuto E.;Di Carlo A.;Gallucci K.;Rapagna S.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Gasification is a very advantageous conversion process to obtain a fuel gas from organic wastes, however it also generates by-products, such as particulate and tar. These should be removed from the syngas for its smooth utilization in power generation devices and/or biofuels production. In this work, biomass gasification tests were carried out in a bench-scale fluidized bed gasifier with a ceramic filter candle filled with commercial Ni-catalyst pellets integrated in its freeboard, for the abatement of particulate and tar. The activity of catalyst was studied at different operating conditions (temperature and catalyst bed layout) and the results were analysed in terms of residual tar content and composition of the product gas. The catalyst resulted very effective, particularly in tests at higher temperature and with the partially filled candle configuration. Tars were reduced to 250 mg/Nm 3 in the best case. The Ni-catalyst did not show deactivation during tests lasting 4 h.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/135491
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