Background Severe variants of psoriasis, such as erythrodermic psoriasis, may be associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Current treatment options for erythrodermic psoriasis are limited, unsatisfactory and potentially associated with organ-specific toxicity. Recently, a new class of agents, targeted biological therapies, has emerged. Etanercept is a recombinant human fusion protein acting as a competitive inhibitor of tumour necrosis factor-alpha. The safety and efficacy of etanercept have been widely demonstrated in psoriatic arthritis and moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis. ObjectivesTo assess the efficacy and tolerability of etanercept in the treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis over a period of 24 weeks. Methods Ten patients, eight men and two women, were selected to receive etanercept 25 mg subcutaneously twice weekly. The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score, ranging from 0 to 72, was used to assess the severity of disease. Results Etanercept was well tolerated and led to a significant reduction in the severity of disease over the period of treatment. After 24 weeks, the mean PASI score decreased from 39.1 (baseline) to 5.1. At week 12, five of 10 (50%) patients achieved an improvement of PASI score from baseline exceeding 75%. At week 24, six of 10 patients (60%) achieved or maintained an improvement of PASI score from baseline exceeding 75% while two patients (20%) maintained an improvement of between 50% and 75%. Conclusions In this study, etanercept has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for erythrodermic psoriasis, providing a safe and convenient alternative to current therapies.
|Titolo:||Treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis with etanercept|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|