We propose a semiparametric P-Spline model to deal with spatial panel data. This model includes a non-parametric spatio-temporal trend, a spatial lag of the dependent variable, and a time series autoregressive noise. Specifically, we consider a spatiotemporal ANOVA model, disaggregating the trend into spatial and temporal main effects, as well as second- and third-order interactions between them. Algorithms based on spatial anisotropic penalties are used to estimate all the parameters in a closed form without the need for multidimensional optimization. Monte Carlo simulations and an empirical analysis of regional unemployment in Italy show that our model represents a valid alternative to parametric methods aimed at disentangling strong and weak cross-sectional dependence when both spatial and temporal heterogeneity are smoothly distributed.

An alternative semiparametric model for spatial panel data

Basile Roberto;
2020-01-01

Abstract

We propose a semiparametric P-Spline model to deal with spatial panel data. This model includes a non-parametric spatio-temporal trend, a spatial lag of the dependent variable, and a time series autoregressive noise. Specifically, we consider a spatiotemporal ANOVA model, disaggregating the trend into spatial and temporal main effects, as well as second- and third-order interactions between them. Algorithms based on spatial anisotropic penalties are used to estimate all the parameters in a closed form without the need for multidimensional optimization. Monte Carlo simulations and an empirical analysis of regional unemployment in Italy show that our model represents a valid alternative to parametric methods aimed at disentangling strong and weak cross-sectional dependence when both spatial and temporal heterogeneity are smoothly distributed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/138243
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