MicroRNA (miRNA) deregulation plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. miR-23b and miR-130b are induced by thyrotropin in thyroid cells in a cAMP-dependent manner. The aim of our work has been to investigate the possible role of miR-23b and miR-130b in pituitary tumorigenesis. We have analyzed their expression in a panel of pituitary adenomas (PAs) including GH and NFPA adenomas. We report that miR-23b and miR-130b are drastically reduced in GH, gonadotroph and NFPA adenomas in comparison with normal pituitary gland. Interestingly, the overexpression of miR-23b and miR-130b inhibits cell proliferation arresting the cells in the G1 and G2 phase of the cell cycle, respectively. Moreover, we demonstrate that miR-23b and miR-130b target HMGA2 and cyclin A2 (CCNA2) genes, respectively. Finally, downregulation of miR-23b and miR-130b expression is associated with increased levels of their respective targets in human PAs. These findings suggest that miR-23b and miR-130b downregulation may contribute to pituitary tumorigenesis.

Mir-23b and miR-130b expression is downregulated in pituitary adenomas

JAFFRAIN, MARIE LISE;
2014-01-01

Abstract

MicroRNA (miRNA) deregulation plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. miR-23b and miR-130b are induced by thyrotropin in thyroid cells in a cAMP-dependent manner. The aim of our work has been to investigate the possible role of miR-23b and miR-130b in pituitary tumorigenesis. We have analyzed their expression in a panel of pituitary adenomas (PAs) including GH and NFPA adenomas. We report that miR-23b and miR-130b are drastically reduced in GH, gonadotroph and NFPA adenomas in comparison with normal pituitary gland. Interestingly, the overexpression of miR-23b and miR-130b inhibits cell proliferation arresting the cells in the G1 and G2 phase of the cell cycle, respectively. Moreover, we demonstrate that miR-23b and miR-130b target HMGA2 and cyclin A2 (CCNA2) genes, respectively. Finally, downregulation of miR-23b and miR-130b expression is associated with increased levels of their respective targets in human PAs. These findings suggest that miR-23b and miR-130b downregulation may contribute to pituitary tumorigenesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/13862
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