Imaging with structured illumination allows for the retrieval of subwavelength features of an object by conversion of evanescent waves into propagating waves. In conditions in which the object plane and the structured-illumination plane do not coincide, this conversion process is subject to progressive filtering of the components with high spatial frequency when the distance between the two planes increases, until the diffraction-limited lateral resolution is restored when the distance exceeds the extension of evanescent waves. We study the progressive filtering of evanescent waves by developing a remote super-resolution terahertz imaging system operating at a wavelength lambda = 1.00 mm, based on a freestanding knife edge and a reflective confocal terahertz microscope. In the images recorded with increasing knife-edge-to-object-plane distance, we observe the transition from a super-resolution of lambda/17 approximate to 60 mu m to the diffraction-limited lateral resolution of Delta x similar or equal to lambda expected for our confocal microscope. The extreme nonparaxial conditions are analyzed in detail, exploiting the fact that, in the terahertz frequency range, the knife edge can be positioned at a variable subwavelength distance from the object plane. Electromagnetic simulations of radiation scattering by the knife edge reproduce the experimental super-resolution achieved.

Evanescent-Wave Filtering in Images Using Remote Terahertz Structured Illumination

Flammini M.;Rizza C.;Ciattoni A.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Imaging with structured illumination allows for the retrieval of subwavelength features of an object by conversion of evanescent waves into propagating waves. In conditions in which the object plane and the structured-illumination plane do not coincide, this conversion process is subject to progressive filtering of the components with high spatial frequency when the distance between the two planes increases, until the diffraction-limited lateral resolution is restored when the distance exceeds the extension of evanescent waves. We study the progressive filtering of evanescent waves by developing a remote super-resolution terahertz imaging system operating at a wavelength lambda = 1.00 mm, based on a freestanding knife edge and a reflective confocal terahertz microscope. In the images recorded with increasing knife-edge-to-object-plane distance, we observe the transition from a super-resolution of lambda/17 approximate to 60 mu m to the diffraction-limited lateral resolution of Delta x similar or equal to lambda expected for our confocal microscope. The extreme nonparaxial conditions are analyzed in detail, exploiting the fact that, in the terahertz frequency range, the knife edge can be positioned at a variable subwavelength distance from the object plane. Electromagnetic simulations of radiation scattering by the knife edge reproduce the experimental super-resolution achieved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/139359
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