Endometriosis can impair fertility by reducing ovarian reserve and the production of good-quality oocytes. The surgical removal of endometriotic lesions is generally recommended for women who wish to conceive. In this paper we studied whether ovarian cortex adjacent to excised small (diameter ≤ 4 cm) endometriotic cyst (here referred as Cortex Surrounding Endometriotic Cyst, CSEC) showed signs of tissue damages by evaluating the expression of proteins involved in DNA repair and apoptosis. To this end, phosphorylated H2A.X, Chk1 and 2, ATM and ATR, Bcl-2, Bid, phosphorylated and total p53, caspases (9, 8 and 3), XIAP, phosphorylated and total NFκB were analyzed by western blot. Results showed that caspase 8, XIAP, p53/p-p53 and NFκB were more abundantly expressed in all samples of CSEC group in comparison with ovarian cortex of controls. Conversely, the levels of the other proteins were comparable between the two groups. In conclusion, these results suggest that NFκB, caspase 8 and p53/p-p53 elevated expressions in samples of CSEC can be considered as an early sign of tissue injury, indicating that ovarian cortex is already sensitized to apoptosis and inflammation. Therefore, excision of EC should occur very early, to avoid further ovarian damages.

Increased levels of proapoptotic markers in normal ovarian cortex surrounding small endometriotic cysts

Di Nisio V.;Rossi G.;Di Luigi G.;Palumbo P.;D'Alfonso A.;Iorio R.;Cecconi S.
2019

Abstract

Endometriosis can impair fertility by reducing ovarian reserve and the production of good-quality oocytes. The surgical removal of endometriotic lesions is generally recommended for women who wish to conceive. In this paper we studied whether ovarian cortex adjacent to excised small (diameter ≤ 4 cm) endometriotic cyst (here referred as Cortex Surrounding Endometriotic Cyst, CSEC) showed signs of tissue damages by evaluating the expression of proteins involved in DNA repair and apoptosis. To this end, phosphorylated H2A.X, Chk1 and 2, ATM and ATR, Bcl-2, Bid, phosphorylated and total p53, caspases (9, 8 and 3), XIAP, phosphorylated and total NFκB were analyzed by western blot. Results showed that caspase 8, XIAP, p53/p-p53 and NFκB were more abundantly expressed in all samples of CSEC group in comparison with ovarian cortex of controls. Conversely, the levels of the other proteins were comparable between the two groups. In conclusion, these results suggest that NFκB, caspase 8 and p53/p-p53 elevated expressions in samples of CSEC can be considered as an early sign of tissue injury, indicating that ovarian cortex is already sensitized to apoptosis and inflammation. Therefore, excision of EC should occur very early, to avoid further ovarian damages.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S1642431X19300750-main.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Documento in Pre-print
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.26 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.26 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/139538
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact