Melanoma, the most lethal form of skin cancer, is frequently associated with alterations in several genes, among which the Bcl-2 oncogene plays an important role in progression, chemosensitivity and angiogenesis. Also microRNA (miRNA) are emerging as modulators of melanoma development and progression, and among them, miR-211, located within the melastatin-1/TRPM1 (transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 1 protein) gene, is prevalently expressed in the melanocyte lineage and acts as oncosuppressor. Using several human melanoma cell lines and their Bcl-2 stably overexpressing derivatives, we evaluated whether there was a correlation between expression of Bcl-2 and miR-211. Western blot analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated reduced expression of pri-miR-211, miR-211, TRPM1, and MLANA levels, after Bcl-2 overexpression, associated with increased expression of well-known miR-211 target genes. Overexpression of mature miR-211 in Bcl-2 overexpressing cells rescued Bcl-2 ability to increase cell migration. A decreased nuclear localization of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), a co-regulator of both miR-211 and TRPM1, and a reduced MITF recruitment at the TRPM1 and MLANA promoters were also evidenced in Bcl-2 overexpressing cells by immunofluorescence and chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments, respectively. Reduction of Bcl-2 expression by small interference RNA confirmed the ability of Bcl-2 to modulate miR-211 and TRPM1 expression. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Titolo:||miR-211 and MITF modulation by Bcl-2 protein in melanoma cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|