Background: BK virus (BKV) infection represents a potentially dreadful complication after kidney transplantation (KT). When BK viremia is detected, the best therapeutic approach remains not entirely clarified. Critical elements of BK viremia treatment are immunosuppression minimization and introduction of drugs like leflunomide, everolimus, and fluoroquinolones. The study aimed to analyze the results of the BK viremia management in 2 collaborative Italian centers. Methods: Ten patients undergoing KT in the 2 collaborative Italian centers of Sapienza University of Rome and University of L'Aquila from January 2013 to December 2017 and showing a post-KT diagnosis of BK viremia were retrospectively investigated. Results: Mean time from KT to BKV positivity was 7 months (range: 1-19 months). At diagnosis, the mean viral load was 683,842 copies/mL (range: 5800-4,052,415 copies/mL), with an average zenith of 2,428,410 copies/mL (range: 6762-18,022,500 copies/mL). In the 5 patients with BKV nephropathy, we observed a switch from antimetabolite to leflunomide (n = 5), a switch from tacrolimus to everolimus (n = 3), or an introduction of fluoroquinolones (n = 3). BKV clearance was achieved in 3 patients. Conclusions: Early BKV diagnosis and stepwise minimization of immunosuppression remain the first-line approach in patients with BK viremia. In the presence of BKV nephropathy, a combination of antiviral drugs like leflunomide and fluoroquinolones/everolimus should favor viremia clearance.

Viremia Negativization After BK Virus Infection in Kidney Transplantation: A National Bicentric Study

Pisani F.;Martinelli C.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background: BK virus (BKV) infection represents a potentially dreadful complication after kidney transplantation (KT). When BK viremia is detected, the best therapeutic approach remains not entirely clarified. Critical elements of BK viremia treatment are immunosuppression minimization and introduction of drugs like leflunomide, everolimus, and fluoroquinolones. The study aimed to analyze the results of the BK viremia management in 2 collaborative Italian centers. Methods: Ten patients undergoing KT in the 2 collaborative Italian centers of Sapienza University of Rome and University of L'Aquila from January 2013 to December 2017 and showing a post-KT diagnosis of BK viremia were retrospectively investigated. Results: Mean time from KT to BKV positivity was 7 months (range: 1-19 months). At diagnosis, the mean viral load was 683,842 copies/mL (range: 5800-4,052,415 copies/mL), with an average zenith of 2,428,410 copies/mL (range: 6762-18,022,500 copies/mL). In the 5 patients with BKV nephropathy, we observed a switch from antimetabolite to leflunomide (n = 5), a switch from tacrolimus to everolimus (n = 3), or an introduction of fluoroquinolones (n = 3). BKV clearance was achieved in 3 patients. Conclusions: Early BKV diagnosis and stepwise minimization of immunosuppression remain the first-line approach in patients with BK viremia. In the presence of BKV nephropathy, a combination of antiviral drugs like leflunomide and fluoroquinolones/everolimus should favor viremia clearance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/141213
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