The development of reliable fuel cells power plant based on renewable fuels stands out as one of the promising energy systems solutions for the future. Indeed fuel cells can increase the efficiency and the cleaning of the electrical energy production from renewable fuels. Process simulations of advanced power plants fed by low cost renewable fuels like biomass waste are a key step to develop renewable resources based on high temperature fuel cells applications. The aim of this work is to predict the component behaviour of a specific power plant mainly composed of a small indirectly heated gasifier and a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and fed by chestnut coppice, waste available in great quantity in Central Italy, as well as in several other European regions. The plant's thermodynamic behaviour is analysed by means of the process simulator CHEMCAD© in which particular models for the SOFC and the gasifier have been developed in FORTRAN by the authors and then interfaced to commercial software. The results of the predictive model are presented and discussed, showing the possibility of an extremely interesting "carbon neutral" small plant configuration with high electrical and global efficiency exclusively based on the use of low cost renewable resources. © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Process simulation of a SOFC and double bubbling fluidized bed gasifier power plant

Di Carlo A.;
2013-01-01

Abstract

The development of reliable fuel cells power plant based on renewable fuels stands out as one of the promising energy systems solutions for the future. Indeed fuel cells can increase the efficiency and the cleaning of the electrical energy production from renewable fuels. Process simulations of advanced power plants fed by low cost renewable fuels like biomass waste are a key step to develop renewable resources based on high temperature fuel cells applications. The aim of this work is to predict the component behaviour of a specific power plant mainly composed of a small indirectly heated gasifier and a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and fed by chestnut coppice, waste available in great quantity in Central Italy, as well as in several other European regions. The plant's thermodynamic behaviour is analysed by means of the process simulator CHEMCAD© in which particular models for the SOFC and the gasifier have been developed in FORTRAN by the authors and then interfaced to commercial software. The results of the predictive model are presented and discussed, showing the possibility of an extremely interesting "carbon neutral" small plant configuration with high electrical and global efficiency exclusively based on the use of low cost renewable resources. © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/141344
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 36
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact