This paper highlights the use of a fluidized bed reactor of 10 cm i.d. for producing hydrogen by sorptionenhanced steam methane reforming (SE-SMR). The model used for the hydrodynamic behavior of the bed is Eulerian-Eulerian. The kinetics of the steam methane reforming, water-gas shift, and carbonation reactions are based on literature values. Intra-and extraparticle mass transfer effects are considered together with the kinetics in the chemical models. The bed is composed of an Ni catalyst and calcined dolomite. A static bed height of 20 cm is investigated. A volume ratio of dolomite/catalyst is varied from 0-5 during the simulation. Dry hydrogen mole fraction of >0.93 is predicted for temperatures of 900 K and a superficial gas velocity of 0.3 m/s with a dolomite/catalyst ratio >2. Furthermore, the bubble formation in the fluidized bed influence product yields and product oscillations are observed. Another important aspect is that when the dolomite/catalyst ratio is higher than 2 the necessary heat for the reforming endothermic reaction can be almost entirely supplied by the exothermic reaction of carbonation. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
|Titolo:||Numerical investigation of sorption enhanced steam methane reforming process using computational fluid dynamics Eulerian-Eulerian code|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|