Parabens are widely used in cosmetics, toiletries, food, and pharmaceuticals. Toxicological effects of parabens on human lipid metabolism are not well established. The present study used zebrafish (Danio rerio) early-life stages to determine the toxicity of propylparaben (PP). The embryos were exposed for 96 hours post-fertilization (hpf) at five different concentrations of PP, and lethal and sublethal alterations were daily recorded. Lethal Concentration 50 (LC50) value was 3.98 mg/L. The most common sublethal alterations recorded at 1 mg/L and 2 mg/L were enlarged and misshaped yolk sac, hyperexcitability, reduction in head size and swim bladder. At sublethal concentrations of 1 mg/L and 2 mg/L, we observed an altered lipid metabolism, in terms of decrease in neutral lipid mobilization from yolk and alteration of phospholipids metabolism, both in the body and in the yolk sac. These observations were combined with strong head cartilages defects, indicating a strong effect of PP on head development. This research demonstrates that PP interferes with lipid utilization in zebrafish early-life stages that might be involved in neurological and skeletal abnormalities.

Sublethal exposure to propylparaben leads to lipid metabolism impairment in zebrafish early-life stages

M. d’Angelo;A. Cimini;E. Benedetti
2019-01-01

Abstract

Parabens are widely used in cosmetics, toiletries, food, and pharmaceuticals. Toxicological effects of parabens on human lipid metabolism are not well established. The present study used zebrafish (Danio rerio) early-life stages to determine the toxicity of propylparaben (PP). The embryos were exposed for 96 hours post-fertilization (hpf) at five different concentrations of PP, and lethal and sublethal alterations were daily recorded. Lethal Concentration 50 (LC50) value was 3.98 mg/L. The most common sublethal alterations recorded at 1 mg/L and 2 mg/L were enlarged and misshaped yolk sac, hyperexcitability, reduction in head size and swim bladder. At sublethal concentrations of 1 mg/L and 2 mg/L, we observed an altered lipid metabolism, in terms of decrease in neutral lipid mobilization from yolk and alteration of phospholipids metabolism, both in the body and in the yolk sac. These observations were combined with strong head cartilages defects, indicating a strong effect of PP on head development. This research demonstrates that PP interferes with lipid utilization in zebrafish early-life stages that might be involved in neurological and skeletal abnormalities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/141506
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