A constitutive model for elastic flexoelectric materials under small deformation based on second gradient continuum theory is developed, using a Toupin-like variational formulation to simultaneously obtain constitutive relations, balance equations and boundary conditions. The model includes three different electromechanical ‘‘stresses’’: a higher-order stress, an extended local electric force and a generalized Cauchy stress tensor. The constitutive equations of the model are obtained by postulating an internal energy density function which depends on both the strain and its gradient as well as the polarization. Finally, as an application of the model, we derive the explicit analytical expressions of the polarization and displacement vector fields for the problem of the polarization induced over a thin spherical shell subjected to hydrostatic loading conditions.
|Titolo:||A model for elastic flexoelectric materials including strain gradient effects|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|