The aim of present study is to evaluate the greater risk of periodontal disease in subjects affected by cardiovascular disease. The statistical study includes 200 patients equally divided into a test and a control group. The test group is made up of hospitalized patients from the cardiology division of the S. Salvatore hospital of L’Aquila and the second made up of subjects that frequented a dental clinic. All patients were subject to anamnesis and clinical evaluation for periodontal disease. The index used for this clinical examination were CPTIN index (Community Periodontal Index for Treatment Needs), pocket depth index (PPD), probing bleeding index (PBI), and plaque index (Silness, Loe). All data were collected and a comparative analysis was done of the results obtained from the two groups. Analysing the data concerning the average of lost and present teeth in the oral cavity and the damage of periodontal attachment we notice that cardiopathic subjects had a loss of periodontal attachment 2 times greater than in the control group and major condition of edentulism. A frequency test called the “chi-square test” showed that cardiopathic patients had a greater frequency of periodontal disease. The development of periodontal disease in subject suffering from coronary heart disease is faster and more aggressive than in healthy subjects. Therefore, the prevention of periodontal disease is simple and effective way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
|Titolo:||Periodontal disease in subjects suffering from coronary heart disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|