Background: The grading systems for intra-abdominal sepsis (IAS) are not employed commonly in clinical practice because they are too complicated or too specific. We propose to grade IAS with a simple grading system: the TNM system, which is an acronym borrowed from cancer staging, where T indicates Temperature, N indicates Neutrophils, and M indicates Multiple organ failure (MOF). The aim of this prospective observational study is to assess the predictive value of the TNM score on deaths of patients with complicated IAS. Patients and Methods: We considered 147 patients with complicated IAS. Three classes of attribute were chosen: Temperature (T), Neutrophil count (N), and MOF (M). After defining the categories T (T0-T4), N (N0-N3), and M (M0-M2), they were grouped in stages (0-IV). We analyzed specific variables for their possible relation to death: Age, gender, blood transfusion, causes of IAS, T, N, pre-operative organ failure, immunocompromised status, stage 0, I, II, III, and IV. Odds ratios were calculated in a uni-variable and multi-variable analysis. Results: This was the distribution in classes, based on TNM stages: One patient was in stage 0; 15 patients in stage I; 47 patients in stage II; 56 patients in stage III; 28 patients in stage IV. Death occurred in 45 (30.6%) patients. The N, pre-operative organ failure, immunocompromised status, stage III-IV were potential predictors of post-operative death in uni-variable analysis. Only pre-operative organ failure and stage IV were significant independent predictors of post-operative death in multi-variable analysis. Conclusions: The TNM classification is an easy system that could be considered to define the death risk of patients with IAS and to compare patients with sepsis.

Temperature-Neutrophils-Multiple Organ Failure Grading for Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

Schietroma M;Mattei A;Romano L
;
Giuliani A;Carlei F
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: The grading systems for intra-abdominal sepsis (IAS) are not employed commonly in clinical practice because they are too complicated or too specific. We propose to grade IAS with a simple grading system: the TNM system, which is an acronym borrowed from cancer staging, where T indicates Temperature, N indicates Neutrophils, and M indicates Multiple organ failure (MOF). The aim of this prospective observational study is to assess the predictive value of the TNM score on deaths of patients with complicated IAS. Patients and Methods: We considered 147 patients with complicated IAS. Three classes of attribute were chosen: Temperature (T), Neutrophil count (N), and MOF (M). After defining the categories T (T0-T4), N (N0-N3), and M (M0-M2), they were grouped in stages (0-IV). We analyzed specific variables for their possible relation to death: Age, gender, blood transfusion, causes of IAS, T, N, pre-operative organ failure, immunocompromised status, stage 0, I, II, III, and IV. Odds ratios were calculated in a uni-variable and multi-variable analysis. Results: This was the distribution in classes, based on TNM stages: One patient was in stage 0; 15 patients in stage I; 47 patients in stage II; 56 patients in stage III; 28 patients in stage IV. Death occurred in 45 (30.6%) patients. The N, pre-operative organ failure, immunocompromised status, stage III-IV were potential predictors of post-operative death in uni-variable analysis. Only pre-operative organ failure and stage IV were significant independent predictors of post-operative death in multi-variable analysis. Conclusions: The TNM classification is an easy system that could be considered to define the death risk of patients with IAS and to compare patients with sepsis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/142866
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