Context: The PNPLA3 I148M variant (rs738409) is robustly associated with hepatic steatosis. Intriguingly, initial findings in cohorts with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg m(-2) also suggested that it is associated with elevated liver enzymes but not with insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. Objective: To determine whether the PNPLA3 variant alters the susceptibility of morbidly obese subjects to develop liver injury and metabolic sequelae. Participants and methods: The study was carried out in 678 obese Italians (mean BMI 41 kg m(-2)) who were genotyped for the I148M variant. All participants provided fasting blood samples and then underwent oral glucose tolerance tests. Main outcome measures: Indices of liver injury (alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST)), glucose tolerance and insulin resistance were measured. Results: Markers of hepatic injury such as ALT and AST were significantly higher in carriers of the 148M allele (P = 2.2 x 10(-5) and 0.001, respectively). In all, 50% of 148M risk allele homozygotes had pathological levels of ALT (> 40 Ul(-1)) compared with 25% of 148I allele homozygotes (P = 0.005). Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were similar in all three genotypes. Conclusion: Obese Southern Europeans carrying the 148M allele have increased indices of liver damage uncoupled from proxy measures of insulin resistance. International Journal of Obesity (2010) 34, 190-194; doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.216; published online 20 October 2009

Morbid obesity exposes the association between PNPLA3 I148M (rs738409) and indices of hepatic injury in individuals of European descent

Marco Giorgio Baroni
2010-01-01

Abstract

Context: The PNPLA3 I148M variant (rs738409) is robustly associated with hepatic steatosis. Intriguingly, initial findings in cohorts with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg m(-2) also suggested that it is associated with elevated liver enzymes but not with insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. Objective: To determine whether the PNPLA3 variant alters the susceptibility of morbidly obese subjects to develop liver injury and metabolic sequelae. Participants and methods: The study was carried out in 678 obese Italians (mean BMI 41 kg m(-2)) who were genotyped for the I148M variant. All participants provided fasting blood samples and then underwent oral glucose tolerance tests. Main outcome measures: Indices of liver injury (alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST)), glucose tolerance and insulin resistance were measured. Results: Markers of hepatic injury such as ALT and AST were significantly higher in carriers of the 148M allele (P = 2.2 x 10(-5) and 0.001, respectively). In all, 50% of 148M risk allele homozygotes had pathological levels of ALT (> 40 Ul(-1)) compared with 25% of 148I allele homozygotes (P = 0.005). Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were similar in all three genotypes. Conclusion: Obese Southern Europeans carrying the 148M allele have increased indices of liver damage uncoupled from proxy measures of insulin resistance. International Journal of Obesity (2010) 34, 190-194; doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.216; published online 20 October 2009
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/143083
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