Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Mar;32(3):413-20. Epub 2007 Oct 2. Search for genetic variants of the SYNTAXIN 1A (STX1A) gene: the -352 A>T variant in the STX1A promoter associates with impaired glucose metabolism in an Italian obese population. Romeo S, Sentinelli F, Cavallo MG, Leonetti F, Fallarino M, Mariotti S, Baroni MG. Source Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To test if sequence variations of the SYNTAXIN 1A (STX1A) gene contribute to the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in a cohort of overweight/obese subjects. METHODS: A total of 717 overweight/obese individuals underwent oral glucose tolerance test and were stratified in four groups according to fasting and 2 h glucose levels (NGT, IGT, CGI, T2DM), representing the natural history of diabetes from normal glucose tolerance to overt disease. These subjects were analysed by a two-step genetic study. Functional analysis was performed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and by supershift with CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)beta antibody. RESULTS: Among the several sequence variations detected in the STX1A gene, the T allele of the -352 A>T single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter was found in a lower frequency in the subset of individuals with greater impairment of insulin secretion (CGI). To confirm that a lower frequency of the T allele was associated with this condition, we genotyped a second group of 202 overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, and the frequency of the T allele was reduced in this group also (P<0.01). Logistic regression confirmed a protective odds ratio (0.49, P<0.01) for the T allele. The EMSA showed that the PRM -352 A allele binds transcription factors with lower affinity compared to the T allele, and incubation with C/EBPbeta antibody 'supershifted' the complex, indicating that C/EBPbeta had a different binding with the PRM -352T allele. CONCLUSION: A lower frequency of the PRM -352T allele of the STX1A gene was observed in overweight/obese subjects with impaired glucose regulation, particularly among individuals with combined glucose intolerance and overt diabetes. Both these groups have a greater defect in beta-cell function compared to normal and glucose intolerant subjects, and this association together with the functional study suggests a possible role of the PRM -352 A>T variant in insulin secretion.

Search for genetic variants of the SYNTAXIN 1A (STX1A) gene: the -352 A > T variant in the STX1A promoter associates with impaired glucose metabolism in an Italian obese population

BARONI, Marco Giorgio
2008-01-01

Abstract

Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Mar;32(3):413-20. Epub 2007 Oct 2. Search for genetic variants of the SYNTAXIN 1A (STX1A) gene: the -352 A>T variant in the STX1A promoter associates with impaired glucose metabolism in an Italian obese population. Romeo S, Sentinelli F, Cavallo MG, Leonetti F, Fallarino M, Mariotti S, Baroni MG. Source Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To test if sequence variations of the SYNTAXIN 1A (STX1A) gene contribute to the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in a cohort of overweight/obese subjects. METHODS: A total of 717 overweight/obese individuals underwent oral glucose tolerance test and were stratified in four groups according to fasting and 2 h glucose levels (NGT, IGT, CGI, T2DM), representing the natural history of diabetes from normal glucose tolerance to overt disease. These subjects were analysed by a two-step genetic study. Functional analysis was performed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and by supershift with CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)beta antibody. RESULTS: Among the several sequence variations detected in the STX1A gene, the T allele of the -352 A>T single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter was found in a lower frequency in the subset of individuals with greater impairment of insulin secretion (CGI). To confirm that a lower frequency of the T allele was associated with this condition, we genotyped a second group of 202 overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, and the frequency of the T allele was reduced in this group also (P<0.01). Logistic regression confirmed a protective odds ratio (0.49, P<0.01) for the T allele. The EMSA showed that the PRM -352 A allele binds transcription factors with lower affinity compared to the T allele, and incubation with C/EBPbeta antibody 'supershifted' the complex, indicating that C/EBPbeta had a different binding with the PRM -352T allele. CONCLUSION: A lower frequency of the PRM -352T allele of the STX1A gene was observed in overweight/obese subjects with impaired glucose regulation, particularly among individuals with combined glucose intolerance and overt diabetes. Both these groups have a greater defect in beta-cell function compared to normal and glucose intolerant subjects, and this association together with the functional study suggests a possible role of the PRM -352 A>T variant in insulin secretion.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/143103
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