Background Diabetes mellitus is characterized by a very high prevalence of atherosclerotic disease. Aims of this study were to determine arterial compliance parameters in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients as an expression of early pre-clinical endothelial dysfunction and to evaluate the impact of glucose exposure parameters such as the duration of diabetes and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)) on the risk of developing alterations in vascular compliance. Methods 23 patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes (mean age: 32.78 +/- 9.06 years, mean disease duration: 10.78 +/- 7.51 years, mean HbA(1c) levels: 7.7 +/- 1.9) and 26 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects (mean age: 32.3 +/- 8.51 years) were recruited. In these subjects, we evaluated arterial compliance by calibrated tonometry (HDI/Pulsewave (TM) CR-2000). Parameters included the following: large artery elasticity (C1), small artery elasticity (C2), systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and total vascular impedance (TVI). Results Patients with longer duration of T1D (>10years) showed significant alterations in C2 (4.97 +/- 2.7 mL/mmHg x 100) and in SVR (1464.67 +/- 169.16 dina x s x cm(-5)) when compared with both healthy individuals (C2: 8.28 +/- 2.67 mL/mmHg x 100, p = 0.001; SVR: 1180.58 +/- 151.55 dina x s x cm(-5), p = 0.01) and patients with recent-onset disease (<= 10 years) (C2: 10.02 +/- 3.6 mL/mmHg x 100, p < 0.001; SVR: 1124.18 +/- 178.5 dina x s x cm(-5), p < 0.000). Both disease duration and HbAlc independently predicted impaired arterial compliance. Conclusions Young adult T1D patients with no signs of disease complication particularly of small arteries, have detectable vessel wall abnormalities, suggestive of hyperglycaemia-related early endothelial dysfunction. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Subclinical vascular alterations in young adults with type 1 diabetes detected by arterial tonometry

Marco Giorgio Baroni;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Background Diabetes mellitus is characterized by a very high prevalence of atherosclerotic disease. Aims of this study were to determine arterial compliance parameters in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients as an expression of early pre-clinical endothelial dysfunction and to evaluate the impact of glucose exposure parameters such as the duration of diabetes and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)) on the risk of developing alterations in vascular compliance. Methods 23 patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes (mean age: 32.78 +/- 9.06 years, mean disease duration: 10.78 +/- 7.51 years, mean HbA(1c) levels: 7.7 +/- 1.9) and 26 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects (mean age: 32.3 +/- 8.51 years) were recruited. In these subjects, we evaluated arterial compliance by calibrated tonometry (HDI/Pulsewave (TM) CR-2000). Parameters included the following: large artery elasticity (C1), small artery elasticity (C2), systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and total vascular impedance (TVI). Results Patients with longer duration of T1D (>10years) showed significant alterations in C2 (4.97 +/- 2.7 mL/mmHg x 100) and in SVR (1464.67 +/- 169.16 dina x s x cm(-5)) when compared with both healthy individuals (C2: 8.28 +/- 2.67 mL/mmHg x 100, p = 0.001; SVR: 1180.58 +/- 151.55 dina x s x cm(-5), p = 0.01) and patients with recent-onset disease (<= 10 years) (C2: 10.02 +/- 3.6 mL/mmHg x 100, p < 0.001; SVR: 1124.18 +/- 178.5 dina x s x cm(-5), p < 0.000). Both disease duration and HbAlc independently predicted impaired arterial compliance. Conclusions Young adult T1D patients with no signs of disease complication particularly of small arteries, have detectable vessel wall abnormalities, suggestive of hyperglycaemia-related early endothelial dysfunction. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/143118
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