Objective: Protection of residual beta cell function at the time of diagnosis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) by Intensive insulin therapy and the addition of nicotinamide (NAI has been established. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a free oxygen radical scavenger such as vitamin E (Vit E) on residual beta cell function and parameters of metabolic control in patients with recent onset IDDM undergoing intensive insulin therapy. Design: The effect of Vit E was compared with that of NA (control group) in a randomized multicentre trial. Methods: Eighty-four IDDM patients between 5 and 35 years of age (mean age 15.8 +/- 8.4 (S.D.) years) entered a one year prospective study. One group of patients (n = 42) was treated with Vit E (15 mg/kg body weight/day) for one year; the other group (n = 42) received NA for one year (25 mg/kg body weight/day). All patients were under intensive insulin therapy with three to four injections a day. Basal and stimulated (1 mg i.v. glucagon) C-peptide secretion, glycosylated haemoglobin and insulin dose were evaluated at diagnosis and at three-monthly intervals up to one year. Results: Preservation and slight increase of C-peptide levels at one year compared with diagnosis were obtained in the two treated patient groups. No statistically significant differences were observed in basal or stimulated C-peptide levels between the two groups of patients for up to one year after diagnosis. Glycosylated haemoglobin and insulin dose were also similar between the two groups; however patients receiving Vit E under the age of 15 years required significantly more insulin than NA-treated patients one year after diagnosis (P < 0.04). Conclusions: Our data indicate that Vit E and NA possess similar effects in protecting residual beta cell function in patients with recent onset IDDM. Since their putative mechanism of protection on beta cell cytotoxicity is different, combination of these two vitamins mag be envisaged for future trials of intervention at IDDM onset.

Vitamin E and nicotinamide have similar effects in maintaining residual beta cell function in recent onset insulin-dependent diabetes (the IMDIAB IV study)

Marco Giorgio Baroni;
1997-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Protection of residual beta cell function at the time of diagnosis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) by Intensive insulin therapy and the addition of nicotinamide (NAI has been established. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a free oxygen radical scavenger such as vitamin E (Vit E) on residual beta cell function and parameters of metabolic control in patients with recent onset IDDM undergoing intensive insulin therapy. Design: The effect of Vit E was compared with that of NA (control group) in a randomized multicentre trial. Methods: Eighty-four IDDM patients between 5 and 35 years of age (mean age 15.8 +/- 8.4 (S.D.) years) entered a one year prospective study. One group of patients (n = 42) was treated with Vit E (15 mg/kg body weight/day) for one year; the other group (n = 42) received NA for one year (25 mg/kg body weight/day). All patients were under intensive insulin therapy with three to four injections a day. Basal and stimulated (1 mg i.v. glucagon) C-peptide secretion, glycosylated haemoglobin and insulin dose were evaluated at diagnosis and at three-monthly intervals up to one year. Results: Preservation and slight increase of C-peptide levels at one year compared with diagnosis were obtained in the two treated patient groups. No statistically significant differences were observed in basal or stimulated C-peptide levels between the two groups of patients for up to one year after diagnosis. Glycosylated haemoglobin and insulin dose were also similar between the two groups; however patients receiving Vit E under the age of 15 years required significantly more insulin than NA-treated patients one year after diagnosis (P < 0.04). Conclusions: Our data indicate that Vit E and NA possess similar effects in protecting residual beta cell function in patients with recent onset IDDM. Since their putative mechanism of protection on beta cell cytotoxicity is different, combination of these two vitamins mag be envisaged for future trials of intervention at IDDM onset.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/143159
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