Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a collection of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown aetiology, characterized by intestinal inflammation and a chronic relapsing course associated with local and systemic complications. Traditionally, IBD comprises two prototype entities, ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) and an intermediate variant of these diseases, indeterminate colitis which shows overlapping features of the two major forms. Over the last few years, considerable progress has been made in our knowledge of the pathogenesis of IBD, which is complex and derives from genetic, environmental and immunological interactions. The aetiology remains unclear, but it is well established that the lesions and symptoms are associated with over-production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this paper we briefly review the pathophysiology and the new therapeutic approaches to IBD, since from these, new achievement depends the appropriate diagnostic exams to be performed and diagnostic flow charts. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Inflammatory bowel diseases: clinical update of practical guidelines

Viscido A.
;
2005-01-01

Abstract

Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a collection of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown aetiology, characterized by intestinal inflammation and a chronic relapsing course associated with local and systemic complications. Traditionally, IBD comprises two prototype entities, ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) and an intermediate variant of these diseases, indeterminate colitis which shows overlapping features of the two major forms. Over the last few years, considerable progress has been made in our knowledge of the pathogenesis of IBD, which is complex and derives from genetic, environmental and immunological interactions. The aetiology remains unclear, but it is well established that the lesions and symptoms are associated with over-production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this paper we briefly review the pathophysiology and the new therapeutic approaches to IBD, since from these, new achievement depends the appropriate diagnostic exams to be performed and diagnostic flow charts. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/143712
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