Background:The useof medicated mouthwashesand gelsin the home care maintenance of dental implants is controversial due to the possibility of residue deposition on the implant collar. The aim of this in vitro study was to analyse, by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the amount of residues on dental implant collars treated with various commercial home dental care products. Methods: Gel and mouthwash products were tested on 10 implants. The gels included sodium fluoride, amine fluoride, and sodium hyaluronate products. The mouthwashes tested contained triclosan, nimesulide, stannous fluoride, amine fluoride, and hexetidine-chlorobutanol. The SEM observations were performed at different magnifications in double modality SE (secondary electrons) and BSE (backscattered electrons) to qualitatively assess any residual products. The image quantitative analysis was performed by Image f software to assess areas occupied by residuais. All results were analysed by the same researcher with experience in electron microscopy. Results: The fluoride-based gel products left wider areas occupied by residuais than the mouthwash products. In particular the fluoride-based and hyaluronate products left the highest amount of residues. Among mouthwashes, fluoride-based and triclosan products showed the highest amount of residuais deposition. Discussion: Oral hygiene procedures and related professional products are fundamental to the prevention, treatment, and control of microorganisms. In the case of implants, mechanical and chemical plaque control strategies are even more important since the potentially harmful biofilm covers abiotic titanium surfaces. In situ fixture maintenance is crucial for dental implant therapy success. Correct recommendation of home care products for bacterial control is fundamental to the health of implants and their surrounding tissues. Conclusions: Data from this experimental study showed that home care commercial products in gel formulation, especially those containing fluoride, leave more residuais on titanium smooth surfaces than mouthwash products. The longer permanence of the products may lead to a more effective plaque control than other products.

Commercial oral hygiene products and implant collar surfaces: Scanning electron microscopy observations

Bianchi S.;Bernardi S.;Antonouli S.;Macchiarelli G.
2020

Abstract

Background:The useof medicated mouthwashesand gelsin the home care maintenance of dental implants is controversial due to the possibility of residue deposition on the implant collar. The aim of this in vitro study was to analyse, by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the amount of residues on dental implant collars treated with various commercial home dental care products. Methods: Gel and mouthwash products were tested on 10 implants. The gels included sodium fluoride, amine fluoride, and sodium hyaluronate products. The mouthwashes tested contained triclosan, nimesulide, stannous fluoride, amine fluoride, and hexetidine-chlorobutanol. The SEM observations were performed at different magnifications in double modality SE (secondary electrons) and BSE (backscattered electrons) to qualitatively assess any residual products. The image quantitative analysis was performed by Image f software to assess areas occupied by residuais. All results were analysed by the same researcher with experience in electron microscopy. Results: The fluoride-based gel products left wider areas occupied by residuais than the mouthwash products. In particular the fluoride-based and hyaluronate products left the highest amount of residues. Among mouthwashes, fluoride-based and triclosan products showed the highest amount of residuais deposition. Discussion: Oral hygiene procedures and related professional products are fundamental to the prevention, treatment, and control of microorganisms. In the case of implants, mechanical and chemical plaque control strategies are even more important since the potentially harmful biofilm covers abiotic titanium surfaces. In situ fixture maintenance is crucial for dental implant therapy success. Correct recommendation of home care products for bacterial control is fundamental to the health of implants and their surrounding tissues. Conclusions: Data from this experimental study showed that home care commercial products in gel formulation, especially those containing fluoride, leave more residuais on titanium smooth surfaces than mouthwash products. The longer permanence of the products may lead to a more effective plaque control than other products.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/144408
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