Introduction: In patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aorta repair, spinal cord ischemia (SCI) remains one of the most common and important complications resulting in transient paraparesis through to permanent flaccid paraplegia. In this manuscript, after a brief introduction to spinal cord ischemia complication and its prevention in thoracoabdominal endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), we propose a new clinical protocol potentially able to prevent such complication. Methods: The proposed protocol suggests the use of high dosages of corticosteroids by epidural route, along with drainage of cerebrospinal fluid and controlled vascular hypertension, to reduce the incidence of SCI in TEVAR. Moreover, we paid particular attention to the control of the hemodynamic parameters to obtain adequate peripheral tissue perfusion (oxygen delivery), including in the spinal cord. Results: We applied this new protocol in 50 consecutive patients treated with TEVAR for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAs); 47 patients completed the procedure: 27 patients Crawford type I and 20 Crawford type II. Three patients died during surgery because of untreatable aneurysm rupture. The results show that in all patients there were no cases of SCI, after 5 days from TEVAR. Discussion: To the best of our knowledge, there are no clinical studies on the use of epidural corticosteroids in patients undergoing treatment of aortic syndrome (both in “open surgery” and endovascular aortic repair). This initial study on 50 consecutive patients has shown that the clinical protocol used could be of great interest to prevent one of the worse complications of TEVAR. Its limitations are the low number of patients studied till now, and the non-randomized protocol adopted. Further studies would be necessary. Conclusion: Our experience and the results obtained with this new perioperative protocol with epidural corticosteroid and accurate hemodynamic control have been encouraging and it seems a valid proposal to be explored in future by well-structured prospective, randomized protocols.

Epidural Corticosteroids, Lumbar Spinal Drainage, and Selective Hemodynamic Control for the Prevention of Spinal Cord Ischemia in Thoracoabdominal Endovascular Aortic Repair: A New Clinical Protocol

Paladini A.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Varrassi G.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: In patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aorta repair, spinal cord ischemia (SCI) remains one of the most common and important complications resulting in transient paraparesis through to permanent flaccid paraplegia. In this manuscript, after a brief introduction to spinal cord ischemia complication and its prevention in thoracoabdominal endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), we propose a new clinical protocol potentially able to prevent such complication. Methods: The proposed protocol suggests the use of high dosages of corticosteroids by epidural route, along with drainage of cerebrospinal fluid and controlled vascular hypertension, to reduce the incidence of SCI in TEVAR. Moreover, we paid particular attention to the control of the hemodynamic parameters to obtain adequate peripheral tissue perfusion (oxygen delivery), including in the spinal cord. Results: We applied this new protocol in 50 consecutive patients treated with TEVAR for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAs); 47 patients completed the procedure: 27 patients Crawford type I and 20 Crawford type II. Three patients died during surgery because of untreatable aneurysm rupture. The results show that in all patients there were no cases of SCI, after 5 days from TEVAR. Discussion: To the best of our knowledge, there are no clinical studies on the use of epidural corticosteroids in patients undergoing treatment of aortic syndrome (both in “open surgery” and endovascular aortic repair). This initial study on 50 consecutive patients has shown that the clinical protocol used could be of great interest to prevent one of the worse complications of TEVAR. Its limitations are the low number of patients studied till now, and the non-randomized protocol adopted. Further studies would be necessary. Conclusion: Our experience and the results obtained with this new perioperative protocol with epidural corticosteroid and accurate hemodynamic control have been encouraging and it seems a valid proposal to be explored in future by well-structured prospective, randomized protocols.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/145209
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