Protein sources used as supplements of IVF culture media are known to have several implications for the function and stability of embryo culture environment. In fact, they i) transport biologically active molecules ii) chelate heavy metals, iii) regulate media pH, iii) scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and iv) attenuate osmotic stress to which cells are exposed in sub-optimal culture conditions. Instead, their specific relevance to the formulation of cryopreservation solutions used for gamete and embryo cryopreservation remains uncertain. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that different protein supplements present in cryopreservation solutions, serum or plasma protein solution (PPS), or different concentrations of the same supplement (serum), are associated with different types and/or magnitude of cryopreservation-derived cell damage. To this end, using cryopreservation solutions containing serum or PPS, donated supernumerary human mature oocytes were frozen-thawed by slow freezing and compared with fresh controls. Ultrastructural markers of oocyte quality were adopted as objective measure to assess possible damage from cryopreservation. The study results indicate that the adoption of serum minimises cell damage induced by cryopreservation. Indeed, typical hallmarks of cryodamage in human oocytes, i.e. loss of cortical granules, zona pellucida hardening and above all vacuolization, were largely reduced in oocytes cryopreserved with solutions containing serum, especially if used a higher concentration. This suggest that oocyte cryopreservation still has significant margins of improvement that may derive also from composition of cryopreservation media.

Type of protein supplement in cryopreservation solutions impacts on the degree of ultrastructural damage in frozen-thawed human oocytes

Macchiarelli, Guido
2020-01-01

Abstract

Protein sources used as supplements of IVF culture media are known to have several implications for the function and stability of embryo culture environment. In fact, they i) transport biologically active molecules ii) chelate heavy metals, iii) regulate media pH, iii) scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and iv) attenuate osmotic stress to which cells are exposed in sub-optimal culture conditions. Instead, their specific relevance to the formulation of cryopreservation solutions used for gamete and embryo cryopreservation remains uncertain. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that different protein supplements present in cryopreservation solutions, serum or plasma protein solution (PPS), or different concentrations of the same supplement (serum), are associated with different types and/or magnitude of cryopreservation-derived cell damage. To this end, using cryopreservation solutions containing serum or PPS, donated supernumerary human mature oocytes were frozen-thawed by slow freezing and compared with fresh controls. Ultrastructural markers of oocyte quality were adopted as objective measure to assess possible damage from cryopreservation. The study results indicate that the adoption of serum minimises cell damage induced by cryopreservation. Indeed, typical hallmarks of cryodamage in human oocytes, i.e. loss of cortical granules, zona pellucida hardening and above all vacuolization, were largely reduced in oocytes cryopreserved with solutions containing serum, especially if used a higher concentration. This suggest that oocyte cryopreservation still has significant margins of improvement that may derive also from composition of cryopreservation media.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0011224020300845-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.45 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.45 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/145430
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact