Chemokines CXCL8 and CXCL1 play a key role in the recruitment of neutrophils at the site of inflammation. CXCL8 binds two membrane receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2, whereas CXCL1 is a selective agonist for CXCR2. In the past decade, the physiopathological role of CXCL8 and CXCL1 has been investigated. A novel class of small molecular weight allosteric CXCR1 inhibitors was identified, and reparixin, the first drug candidate, is currently under clinical investigation in the prevention of ischemia/reperfusion injury in organ transplantation. Reparixin binding mode to CXCR1 has been studied and used for a computer-assisted design program of dual allosteric CXCR1 and CXCR2 inhibitors. In this paper, the results of modeling-driven SAR studies for the identification of potent dual inhibitors are discussed, and three new compounds (56, 67, and 79) sharing a common triflate moiety have been selected as potential leads with optimized pharmacokinetic characteristics. © 2007 American Chemical Society.

Design of noncompetitive interleukin-8 inhibitors acting on CXCR1 and CXCR2

Di Benedetto Paola;
2007

Abstract

Chemokines CXCL8 and CXCL1 play a key role in the recruitment of neutrophils at the site of inflammation. CXCL8 binds two membrane receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2, whereas CXCL1 is a selective agonist for CXCR2. In the past decade, the physiopathological role of CXCL8 and CXCL1 has been investigated. A novel class of small molecular weight allosteric CXCR1 inhibitors was identified, and reparixin, the first drug candidate, is currently under clinical investigation in the prevention of ischemia/reperfusion injury in organ transplantation. Reparixin binding mode to CXCR1 has been studied and used for a computer-assisted design program of dual allosteric CXCR1 and CXCR2 inhibitors. In this paper, the results of modeling-driven SAR studies for the identification of potent dual inhibitors are discussed, and three new compounds (56, 67, and 79) sharing a common triflate moiety have been selected as potential leads with optimized pharmacokinetic characteristics. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/146924
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