These studies were designed to investigate whether there are convergent prelimbic and sensorimotor cortical inputs onto striatal neurons in the rat and whether dopaminergic (DA) nigrostriatal fibers regulate these inputs. The influence of the nigrostriatal DA system was assessed in rats with either small or large 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesions of the substantia nigra. In normal rats 39 out of 74 neurons (52.7%) were excited by stimulation of both the prelimbic and the sensorimotor cortex. No marked change in corticostriatal transmission was evident in rats with small 6-OHDA-induced lesions (defined as 10-35% decrease in [3H]DA uptake in striatal synaptosomes). In rats with large lesions (75-85% decrease in striatal [3H]DA uptake), however, a complete rearrangement of the corticostriatal transmission occurred. This was evident in a decrease of thresholds to obtain cortical responses, by modifications of the discharge properties of striatal neurons receiving input from cortices and by an increase in the number of neurons responding to cortical stimulation. In addition, a significantly higher percentage of striatal neurons responded to stimulation of both prelimbic and sensorimotor cortices in rats with large lesions than in rats with small lesions or in control rats. This data suggests that: (1) no functional separation of prelimbic and sensorimotor cortical inputs occurs in the rat striatum, (2) the nigrostriatal DA system exerts a focusing effect on these inputs, (3) the striatum is actively involved in the integrative processing of descending cortical information.

Influence of prelimbic and sensorimotor cortices on striatal neurons in the rat: electrophysiological evidence for converging inputs and the effects of 6-OHDA-induced degeneration of the substantia nigra

FLORIO, TIZIANA MARILENA;SCARNATI, Eugenio
1993

Abstract

These studies were designed to investigate whether there are convergent prelimbic and sensorimotor cortical inputs onto striatal neurons in the rat and whether dopaminergic (DA) nigrostriatal fibers regulate these inputs. The influence of the nigrostriatal DA system was assessed in rats with either small or large 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesions of the substantia nigra. In normal rats 39 out of 74 neurons (52.7%) were excited by stimulation of both the prelimbic and the sensorimotor cortex. No marked change in corticostriatal transmission was evident in rats with small 6-OHDA-induced lesions (defined as 10-35% decrease in [3H]DA uptake in striatal synaptosomes). In rats with large lesions (75-85% decrease in striatal [3H]DA uptake), however, a complete rearrangement of the corticostriatal transmission occurred. This was evident in a decrease of thresholds to obtain cortical responses, by modifications of the discharge properties of striatal neurons receiving input from cortices and by an increase in the number of neurons responding to cortical stimulation. In addition, a significantly higher percentage of striatal neurons responded to stimulation of both prelimbic and sensorimotor cortices in rats with large lesions than in rats with small lesions or in control rats. This data suggests that: (1) no functional separation of prelimbic and sensorimotor cortical inputs occurs in the rat striatum, (2) the nigrostriatal DA system exerts a focusing effect on these inputs, (3) the striatum is actively involved in the integrative processing of descending cortical information.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/14927
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