Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis is responsible for 20–30% of pharyngitis cases in children (Shulman et al. Clin Infect Dis 55(10):e86–e102, 2012). Recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of GAS pharyngitis have been published by the Italian National Institute of Health guidelines in 2012 (ESCMID Sore Throat Guideline Group et al. Clin Microbiol Infect 18(Suppl 1):1–28, 2012). Adherence to such guidance is relevant for primary prevention of complications of GAS pharyngitis, above all rheumatic fever (RF). The aim of our study was to evaluate the application of Italian guidelines by the family pediatricians from the Abruzzo region. A validated questionnaire was completed by the family pediatricians and used for data collection. The 154 family pediatricians from Abruzzo (88% of the total number of family pediatricians) participated in the study. Out of the 1232 answers, 455 (37%) were wrong. Only 8% of the participants answered correctly all the questions, whereas 0.6% missed all the questions. Through the Spearman’s correlation, our study found an inverse significant correlation between the questions regarding primary prophylaxis (Score B) and the work experience of pediatricians (Rho = − 0.276, p = 0.048). The majority of the family pediatricians from the Abruzzo region, in line with studies from other countries, have significant knowledge gaps about the diagnosis and treatment of GAS pharyngitis. Therefore, strategies to increase the pediatricians’ awareness of the guidelines are needed, in order to reduce the RF incidence.

Pediatrician’s approach to diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis

Zenobi I.;Altobelli E.
2020

Abstract

Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis is responsible for 20–30% of pharyngitis cases in children (Shulman et al. Clin Infect Dis 55(10):e86–e102, 2012). Recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of GAS pharyngitis have been published by the Italian National Institute of Health guidelines in 2012 (ESCMID Sore Throat Guideline Group et al. Clin Microbiol Infect 18(Suppl 1):1–28, 2012). Adherence to such guidance is relevant for primary prevention of complications of GAS pharyngitis, above all rheumatic fever (RF). The aim of our study was to evaluate the application of Italian guidelines by the family pediatricians from the Abruzzo region. A validated questionnaire was completed by the family pediatricians and used for data collection. The 154 family pediatricians from Abruzzo (88% of the total number of family pediatricians) participated in the study. Out of the 1232 answers, 455 (37%) were wrong. Only 8% of the participants answered correctly all the questions, whereas 0.6% missed all the questions. Through the Spearman’s correlation, our study found an inverse significant correlation between the questions regarding primary prophylaxis (Score B) and the work experience of pediatricians (Rho = − 0.276, p = 0.048). The majority of the family pediatricians from the Abruzzo region, in line with studies from other countries, have significant knowledge gaps about the diagnosis and treatment of GAS pharyngitis. Therefore, strategies to increase the pediatricians’ awareness of the guidelines are needed, in order to reduce the RF incidence.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/149370
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