Research studies on multi-agent systems have been recently boosted by manufacturing and logistics with deep motivations like the presence of independent human deciders with individual goals, the aspiration to dominate the complexity of decision-making in large organizations, the simplicity and robustness of self-reacting distributed systems. After a survey of the multi-agent paradigm and its applications, the paper introduces the notion of hybrid holonic system to study the effect of supervision on a system whose elements negotiate and cooperate in a rule-settled environment to obtain resources for system operation. The supervisor can spur or disincentive agents by assigning/denying resources to them. A simple single-decider optimization model referred to a real application is described, and solution methodologies for optimal resource allocation fitting different scenarios (centralized, distributed, multi-agent) are discussed, identifying ranges of autonomy, quantifying rewarding and defining a negotiation protocol between the agents and the supervisor. Aim of the paper is to describe through an example a general methodology for quantitative decision-making in multi-agent organizations.

Optimal Resource Assignment through Negotiation in a Multi-agent Manufacturing System

ARBIB, CLAUDIO;ROSSI, FABRIZIO
2000

Abstract

Research studies on multi-agent systems have been recently boosted by manufacturing and logistics with deep motivations like the presence of independent human deciders with individual goals, the aspiration to dominate the complexity of decision-making in large organizations, the simplicity and robustness of self-reacting distributed systems. After a survey of the multi-agent paradigm and its applications, the paper introduces the notion of hybrid holonic system to study the effect of supervision on a system whose elements negotiate and cooperate in a rule-settled environment to obtain resources for system operation. The supervisor can spur or disincentive agents by assigning/denying resources to them. A simple single-decider optimization model referred to a real application is described, and solution methodologies for optimal resource allocation fitting different scenarios (centralized, distributed, multi-agent) are discussed, identifying ranges of autonomy, quantifying rewarding and defining a negotiation protocol between the agents and the supervisor. Aim of the paper is to describe through an example a general methodology for quantitative decision-making in multi-agent organizations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/14959
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