Objective To assess the predictive role of ferritin and C-reactive protein (CRP) on occurrence of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) and mortality in patients with adult onset Still's disease (AOSD), a rare and severe disease, included in the multicentre Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale (GIRRCS) cohort. Methods The predictive role, at the time of diagnosis, of serum levels of ferritin and CRP on occurrence of MAS and mortality, was evaluated by logistic regression analyses and receiveroperating characteristic (ROC) curves were built to identify patients at high risk of MAS and mortality, respectively. Results In assessed 147 patients with AOSD, levels of ferritin were predictive of MAS (OR: 1.971; P: 0.002; CI 95%: 1.280-3.035). The ROC curve showed that the best cut-off for ferritin was 1225 ng/ml in predicting MAS (sensitivity 88%; specificity 57%). Levels of CRP were predictive of mortality in these patients (OR: 2.155; P: 0.007; CI 95%: 1.228-3.783). The ROC curve showed that the best cut-off for CRP was 68.7 mg/L in predicting mortality (sensitivity 80%; specificity of 65%). Conclusions We reported the predictive role of ferritin and CRP on MAS and mortality, respectively, in a large cohort of patients with AOSD, identifying subsets at higher risk of poor prognosis. Considering that the analysis of CRP and ferritin is widely available, these results could be readily transferable into clinical practice, thus improving the management of patients with AOSD.

Ferritin and C-reactive protein are predictive biomarkers of mortality and macrophage activation syndrome in adult onset Still's disease. Analysis of the multicentre Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale (GIRRCS) cohort

Di Benedetto P.;Cipriani P.;Scarpa R.;Giacomelli R.;Ruscitti P.
2020

Abstract

Objective To assess the predictive role of ferritin and C-reactive protein (CRP) on occurrence of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) and mortality in patients with adult onset Still's disease (AOSD), a rare and severe disease, included in the multicentre Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale (GIRRCS) cohort. Methods The predictive role, at the time of diagnosis, of serum levels of ferritin and CRP on occurrence of MAS and mortality, was evaluated by logistic regression analyses and receiveroperating characteristic (ROC) curves were built to identify patients at high risk of MAS and mortality, respectively. Results In assessed 147 patients with AOSD, levels of ferritin were predictive of MAS (OR: 1.971; P: 0.002; CI 95%: 1.280-3.035). The ROC curve showed that the best cut-off for ferritin was 1225 ng/ml in predicting MAS (sensitivity 88%; specificity 57%). Levels of CRP were predictive of mortality in these patients (OR: 2.155; P: 0.007; CI 95%: 1.228-3.783). The ROC curve showed that the best cut-off for CRP was 68.7 mg/L in predicting mortality (sensitivity 80%; specificity of 65%). Conclusions We reported the predictive role of ferritin and CRP on MAS and mortality, respectively, in a large cohort of patients with AOSD, identifying subsets at higher risk of poor prognosis. Considering that the analysis of CRP and ferritin is widely available, these results could be readily transferable into clinical practice, thus improving the management of patients with AOSD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/151002
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