Objectives: To compare volume and shape changes of pulp chamber of maxillary posterior teeth between tooth-borne and bone-borne maxillary expansions in adolescents. Materials and methods: This study included 36 adolescents with bilateral maxillary crossbite who received tooth-borne rapid maxillary expansion (TB group, average age 14.4 years) or bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion (BB group, average age 14.7 years). Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was taken before treatment (T1) and after a 6-month retention period (T2). Volumetric and shape changes of pulp chamber of maxillary first molars and premolars were detected by referring to a specific 3D digital technology involving deviation analysis of T1/T2 CBCT–derived models of pulp chamber. Student’s t tests were used to (1) compare T1 and T2 volumes of pulp chambers in TB and BB groups and (2) assess differences between the two groups in the post-treatment volumetric changes and in the percentage of matching of 3D pulp models. Results: All investigated teeth showed a reduction of pulp volume, being this difference significant in both TB (p < 0.0001) and BB (p < 0.0001) groups. The volumetric reduction was greater in the TB group; also, subjects in the TB group showed a lower percentage of matching between T1 and T2 pulp models (p < 0.0001). The area most affected by shape change was that of pulp horns. Conclusions: TB expander could induce a higher volumetric reduction of pulp chamber of posterior teeth compared with BB expander, in the short term. Clinical relevance: The present findings add new information concerning the effects of RME protocols on pulp tissue.

Evaluation of pulp cavity/chamber changes after tooth-borne and bone-borne rapid maxillary expansions: a CBCT study using surface-based superimposition and deviation analysis

Leonardi R.;Marzo G.;
2020

Abstract

Objectives: To compare volume and shape changes of pulp chamber of maxillary posterior teeth between tooth-borne and bone-borne maxillary expansions in adolescents. Materials and methods: This study included 36 adolescents with bilateral maxillary crossbite who received tooth-borne rapid maxillary expansion (TB group, average age 14.4 years) or bone-borne rapid maxillary expansion (BB group, average age 14.7 years). Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was taken before treatment (T1) and after a 6-month retention period (T2). Volumetric and shape changes of pulp chamber of maxillary first molars and premolars were detected by referring to a specific 3D digital technology involving deviation analysis of T1/T2 CBCT–derived models of pulp chamber. Student’s t tests were used to (1) compare T1 and T2 volumes of pulp chambers in TB and BB groups and (2) assess differences between the two groups in the post-treatment volumetric changes and in the percentage of matching of 3D pulp models. Results: All investigated teeth showed a reduction of pulp volume, being this difference significant in both TB (p < 0.0001) and BB (p < 0.0001) groups. The volumetric reduction was greater in the TB group; also, subjects in the TB group showed a lower percentage of matching between T1 and T2 pulp models (p < 0.0001). The area most affected by shape change was that of pulp horns. Conclusions: TB expander could induce a higher volumetric reduction of pulp chamber of posterior teeth compared with BB expander, in the short term. Clinical relevance: The present findings add new information concerning the effects of RME protocols on pulp tissue.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/151902
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact