Spin and orbital angular momenta of light are important degrees of freedom in nanophotonics which control light propagation, optical forces, and information encoding. Here, it is shown that graphene-supported plasmonic nanostructures with broken rotational symmetry provide a surprising spin to orbital angular momentum conversion, which can be continuously controlled by changing the electrochemical potential of graphene. Upon resonant illumination by a circularly polarized plane wave, a polygonal array of indium-tin-oxide nanoparticles on a graphene sheet generates the scattered field carrying electrically-tunable orbital angular momentum. This unique photonic spin-orbit interaction occurs due to the strong coupling between graphene plasmon polaritons and localized surface plasmons of the nanoparticles and leads to the controlled directional excitation of graphene plasmons. The tuneable spin-orbit conversion paves the way for high-rate information encoding in optical communications, electric steering functionalities in optical tweezers, and nanorouting of higher-dimensional entangled photon states.

Electric Control of Spin-Orbit Coupling in Graphene-Based Nanostructures with Broken Rotational Symmetry

Marini A.
2020

Abstract

Spin and orbital angular momenta of light are important degrees of freedom in nanophotonics which control light propagation, optical forces, and information encoding. Here, it is shown that graphene-supported plasmonic nanostructures with broken rotational symmetry provide a surprising spin to orbital angular momentum conversion, which can be continuously controlled by changing the electrochemical potential of graphene. Upon resonant illumination by a circularly polarized plane wave, a polygonal array of indium-tin-oxide nanoparticles on a graphene sheet generates the scattered field carrying electrically-tunable orbital angular momentum. This unique photonic spin-orbit interaction occurs due to the strong coupling between graphene plasmon polaritons and localized surface plasmons of the nanoparticles and leads to the controlled directional excitation of graphene plasmons. The tuneable spin-orbit conversion paves the way for high-rate information encoding in optical communications, electric steering functionalities in optical tweezers, and nanorouting of higher-dimensional entangled photon states.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/153352
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