Introduction: The psychological evaluation of the patient, carried out through psychodiagnostic tests, clinical interviews, and a joint work with the medical-surgical team, provided useful information to assess the compliance of the kidney transplant recipient. Methodology: Two hundred and forty-five visits were carried out between September 2018 and May 2019 in the General Surgery and Organ Transplant Department of the San Salvatore Hospital, L'Aquila. The visits consisted of clinical interviews, targeted psychodiagnostic evaluations, graphic-projective tests, and personality and cognitive structure evaluation tests. These assessments were key not only to defining the patient's personality picture but also to offering suitable psychological support to patients on waiting lists for transplantation, during hospitalization, and during follow-up visits from transplantation phases. Results: From the analysis of the tests and from the clinical and support interviews, some of the patients presented forms of psycho-emotional immaturity that impaired the predisposition to compliance and ultimately the establishment of the therapeutic alliance. During 8 months, 18 compliance limit cases were observed, 5 patients were sent to mental health centers, and 13 psychological support courses were activated within the Regional Transplant Center-Abruzzo Region Molise Region. No structured psychological support courses were deemed necessary for 9 of these 13 cases, whereas 4 were sent to the mental health centers. Conclusions: By assessing the complexity of each patient from a medical and a psychological point of view and by considering the high number of transplant surgeries currently occurring, it can be noted that compliance to therapy is strongly linked to the reliability of the relationships between patients and caregivers.

Analysis of Psychopathologic Elements as a Compliance Limitation: Team Work as a Therapeutic Response

Lupi D.;Martinez V.;Pisani F.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: The psychological evaluation of the patient, carried out through psychodiagnostic tests, clinical interviews, and a joint work with the medical-surgical team, provided useful information to assess the compliance of the kidney transplant recipient. Methodology: Two hundred and forty-five visits were carried out between September 2018 and May 2019 in the General Surgery and Organ Transplant Department of the San Salvatore Hospital, L'Aquila. The visits consisted of clinical interviews, targeted psychodiagnostic evaluations, graphic-projective tests, and personality and cognitive structure evaluation tests. These assessments were key not only to defining the patient's personality picture but also to offering suitable psychological support to patients on waiting lists for transplantation, during hospitalization, and during follow-up visits from transplantation phases. Results: From the analysis of the tests and from the clinical and support interviews, some of the patients presented forms of psycho-emotional immaturity that impaired the predisposition to compliance and ultimately the establishment of the therapeutic alliance. During 8 months, 18 compliance limit cases were observed, 5 patients were sent to mental health centers, and 13 psychological support courses were activated within the Regional Transplant Center-Abruzzo Region Molise Region. No structured psychological support courses were deemed necessary for 9 of these 13 cases, whereas 4 were sent to the mental health centers. Conclusions: By assessing the complexity of each patient from a medical and a psychological point of view and by considering the high number of transplant surgeries currently occurring, it can be noted that compliance to therapy is strongly linked to the reliability of the relationships between patients and caregivers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/155215
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