Background: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical HLA molecule with immunomodulant and immunosuppressive functions, involved in transplantation tolerance. HLA-G14bp ins/del polymorphism in exon 8 has been associated with allograft rejection and kidney transplant outcome, with controversial results. We investigated associations of HLA-G14bp ins/del polymorphism on onset of some of the main post-transplant risk factors, like excess body weight, lipid abnormalities, increased fasting plasma glucose. Polymorphisms of cytokines with both immunosuppressive and metabolic effects were also assessed for comparisons and associated analysis. Methods: The present study involved kidney transplant recipients (n = 173) in which body mass index, cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting plasma glucose were registered in the first years after transplantation and analyzed in association with genotypes. Presence of hypertension and smoking habits, demographic, transplant-related and therapeutic data of patients were also recorded. Polymerase chain reaction, sequence-specific primer amplification and Taqman allelic discrimination techniques were used for genotyping of HLA-G14bp ins/del, interleukin (IL)-10(-1082G > A,-819 T > C,-592A > C), transforming growth factor-β(+ 869 T > C,+915C > G), IL-6(-174G > C), tumor necrosis factor-α(-308G > A) and IL-18(-137G > C,-607C > A). Effects of genotypes on clinical markers at each time point (pre-transplant and 1 to 5 years after transplant) were analyzed using a repeated-measures general linear model analysis; adjustment for potential confounders was performed. Results: Results showed that HLA-G14bp ins/ins was significantly associated with obesity, in particular after transplantation (3 years, p = 0.002, OR = 4.48, 95% CI:1.76-11.41). Post-transplant body mass index was significantly increased in HLA-G14bp ins/ins carriers (3 and 4 years, p = 0.033 and p = 0.044); effects of HLA-G14bp genotypes on post-transplant BMI were confirmed by using repeated-measures analysis and after controlling for confounding variables. Cytokine genotypes did not associate with the examined factors. Conclusions: The study of transplanted patients allowed to evidence a potential relationship between post-transplant weight gain and HLA-G14bp ins/del polymorphism, previously involved in rejection for its immunosuppressive/tolerogenic activity. This novel association could widen the knowledge of the role and functions of HLA-G molecules in diseases and transplantation.
|Titolo:||HLA-G14bp ins/del polymorphism and post-transplant weight gain in kidney transplantation: Potential implications beyond tolerance|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|