Recently; we have shown that treatment of rat C6 glioma cells with the raft disruptor methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD) doubles the binding of anandamide (AEA) to type-1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R), followed by CB1R-dependent signaling via adenylate cyclase and p42/p44 MAPK activity. In the present study, we investigated whether type-2 cannabinoid receptors (CB2R), widely expressed in immune cells, also are modulated by MCD. We show that treatment of human DAUDI leukemia cells with MCD does not affect AEA binding to CB2R, and that receptor activation triggers similar [S-35] guanosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) binding in MCD-treated and control cells, similar adenylate cyclase and MAPK activity, and similar MAPK-dependent protection against apoptosis. The other AEA-binding receptor transient receptor potential channel vanilloid receptor subunit 1, the AEA synthetase N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamine-phospholipase D; and the AEA hydrolase fatty acid amide hydrolase were not affected by MCD, whereas the AEA membrane transporter was inhibited (similar to 55%) compared with controls. Furthermore, neither diacylglycerol lipase nor monoacylglycerol lipase, which respectively synthesize and degrade 2-arachidonoylglycerol, were affected by MCD in DAUDI or C6 cells, whereas the transport of 2-arachidonoylglycerol was reduced to similar to 50%. Instead, membrane cholesterol enrichment almost doubled the uptake of AEA and 2-arachidonoylglycerol in both cell types. Finally, transfection experiments with human U937 immune cells, and the use of primary cells expressing CB1R or CB2R, ruled out that the cellular environment could account per se for the different modulation of CB receptor subtypes by MCD. In conclusion, the present data demonstrate that lipid rafts control CB1R, but not CB2R, and endocannabinoid transport in immune and neuronal cells.
|Titolo:||Effect of lipid rafts on Cb2 receptor signaling and 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol metabolism in human immune cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|