Treatment of intact human neuroblastoma CHP100 cells with anandamide (arachidonoylethanolamide, AEA) or 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) inhibits intracellular fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). This effect was not associated with covalent modifications of FAAH, since specific inhibitors of farnesyltransferase, kinases, phosphatases, glycosyltransferase or nitric oxide synthase were ineffective. Electrophoretic analysis of P-33-labelled proteins, Western blot with antiphosphotyrosine antibodies, and glycan analysis of cellular proteins confirmed the absence of covalent modifications of FAAH. The inhibition by AEA was paralleled by an increased arachidonate release, which was not observed upon treatment of cells with linoleoylethanolamide, palmitoylethanolamide, or oleoylethanolamide. Moreover, cell treatment with AEA or 2-AG increased the activity of cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase, and the hydro(pero)xides generated from arachidonate by lipoxygenase were shown to inhibit FAAH, with inhibition constants in the low micromolar range. Consistently, inhibitors of B-lipoxygenase, but not those of cyclooxygenase, significantly counteracted the inhibition of FAAH by AEA or 2-AG. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol inhibit fatty acid amide hydrolase by activating the lipoxygenase pathway of the arachidonate cascade

Maccarrone M;
2000

Abstract

Treatment of intact human neuroblastoma CHP100 cells with anandamide (arachidonoylethanolamide, AEA) or 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) inhibits intracellular fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). This effect was not associated with covalent modifications of FAAH, since specific inhibitors of farnesyltransferase, kinases, phosphatases, glycosyltransferase or nitric oxide synthase were ineffective. Electrophoretic analysis of P-33-labelled proteins, Western blot with antiphosphotyrosine antibodies, and glycan analysis of cellular proteins confirmed the absence of covalent modifications of FAAH. The inhibition by AEA was paralleled by an increased arachidonate release, which was not observed upon treatment of cells with linoleoylethanolamide, palmitoylethanolamide, or oleoylethanolamide. Moreover, cell treatment with AEA or 2-AG increased the activity of cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase, and the hydro(pero)xides generated from arachidonate by lipoxygenase were shown to inhibit FAAH, with inhibition constants in the low micromolar range. Consistently, inhibitors of B-lipoxygenase, but not those of cyclooxygenase, significantly counteracted the inhibition of FAAH by AEA or 2-AG. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/155766
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