Synaptic transmission in the striatum is regulated by metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors through pre- and postsynaptic mechanisms. We investigated the involvement of mGlu 1 and 5 receptors in the control of both excitatory and inhibitory transmission in the striatum. The mGlu I and 5 receptor agonist 3,5-DHPG failed to affect glutamate transmission, while it caused a biphasic effect on GABA transmission, characterized by early increase and late decrease in the frequency of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) recorded from striatal principal neurons. Both mGlu I and 5 receptors were involved in the early response to 3,5-DHPG, through membrane depolarization of striatal GABAergic interneurons and action potential generation. The 3,5-DHPG-mediated late depression of inhibitory inputs to striatal principal neurons was conversely secondary to mGlu 5 receptor activation and subsequent endocannabinoid release. In conclusion, we have identified an mGlu-dependent mechanism of GABA transmission regulation of potential relevance for physiological neuronal activity. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Endocannabinoids limit metabotropic glutamate 5 receptor-mediated synaptic inhibition of striatal principal neurons

Maccarrone M
2007

Abstract

Synaptic transmission in the striatum is regulated by metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors through pre- and postsynaptic mechanisms. We investigated the involvement of mGlu 1 and 5 receptors in the control of both excitatory and inhibitory transmission in the striatum. The mGlu I and 5 receptor agonist 3,5-DHPG failed to affect glutamate transmission, while it caused a biphasic effect on GABA transmission, characterized by early increase and late decrease in the frequency of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) recorded from striatal principal neurons. Both mGlu I and 5 receptors were involved in the early response to 3,5-DHPG, through membrane depolarization of striatal GABAergic interneurons and action potential generation. The 3,5-DHPG-mediated late depression of inhibitory inputs to striatal principal neurons was conversely secondary to mGlu 5 receptor activation and subsequent endocannabinoid release. In conclusion, we have identified an mGlu-dependent mechanism of GABA transmission regulation of potential relevance for physiological neuronal activity. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/155787
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