Autophagy is the evolutionarily conserved degradation and recycling of cellular constituents. In mammals, autophagy is implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases. However, its involvement in acute brain damage is unknown. This study addresses the function of autophagy in neurodegeneration that has been induced by acute focal cerebellar lesions. We provide morphological, ultrastructural, and biochemical evidence that lesions in a cerebellar hemisphere activate autophagy in axotomized precerebellar neurons. Through time course analyses of the apoptotic cascade, we determined mitochondrial dysfunction to be the early trigger of degeneration. Further, the stimulation of autophagy by rapamycin and the employment of mice with impaired autophagic responses allowed us to demonstrate that autophagy protects from damage promoting functional recovery. These findings have therapeutic significance, demonstrating the potential of pro-autophagy treatments for acute brain pathologies, such as stroke and brain trauma.

Stimulation of autophagy by rapamycin protects neurons from remote degeneration after acute focal brain damage

Maccarrone M;
2012

Abstract

Autophagy is the evolutionarily conserved degradation and recycling of cellular constituents. In mammals, autophagy is implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases. However, its involvement in acute brain damage is unknown. This study addresses the function of autophagy in neurodegeneration that has been induced by acute focal cerebellar lesions. We provide morphological, ultrastructural, and biochemical evidence that lesions in a cerebellar hemisphere activate autophagy in axotomized precerebellar neurons. Through time course analyses of the apoptotic cascade, we determined mitochondrial dysfunction to be the early trigger of degeneration. Further, the stimulation of autophagy by rapamycin and the employment of mice with impaired autophagic responses allowed us to demonstrate that autophagy protects from damage promoting functional recovery. These findings have therapeutic significance, demonstrating the potential of pro-autophagy treatments for acute brain pathologies, such as stroke and brain trauma.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/155855
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