Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 coat glycoprotein gp120 causes delayed programmed cell death (apoptosis) in rat brain neocortex. Here, we investigated the possible role of the arachidonate cascade and membrane peroxidation in this process. it is shown that gp120 causes a rapid increase in the activity and expression of the arachidonate-metabolizing enzyme prostaglandin H synthase, paralleled by increased prostaglandin E-2 levels. The selective inhibitor of prostaglandin H synthase indomethacin inhibited enzyme activity, reduced prostaglandin E-2 content, and partially protected neocortex against gp120-induced apoptosis. Conversely, the activity and expression of the arachidonate-metabolizing enzyme 5-lipoxygenase decreased upon gp120 treatment, as well as the level of its product, leukotriene B-4. Treatment with gp120 also reduced membrane lipid peroxidation, and this may be implicated in the execution of programmed cell death. These results suggest that early derangement of the arachidonate cascade in favor of prostanoids may be instrumental in the execution of delayed apoptosis in the brain neocortex of rats.

HIV-1 coat glycoprotein gp120 induces apoptosis in rat brain neocortex by deranging the arachidonate cascade in favor of prostanoids

Maccarrone M;
2000

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 coat glycoprotein gp120 causes delayed programmed cell death (apoptosis) in rat brain neocortex. Here, we investigated the possible role of the arachidonate cascade and membrane peroxidation in this process. it is shown that gp120 causes a rapid increase in the activity and expression of the arachidonate-metabolizing enzyme prostaglandin H synthase, paralleled by increased prostaglandin E-2 levels. The selective inhibitor of prostaglandin H synthase indomethacin inhibited enzyme activity, reduced prostaglandin E-2 content, and partially protected neocortex against gp120-induced apoptosis. Conversely, the activity and expression of the arachidonate-metabolizing enzyme 5-lipoxygenase decreased upon gp120 treatment, as well as the level of its product, leukotriene B-4. Treatment with gp120 also reduced membrane lipid peroxidation, and this may be implicated in the execution of programmed cell death. These results suggest that early derangement of the arachidonate cascade in favor of prostanoids may be instrumental in the execution of delayed apoptosis in the brain neocortex of rats.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/156083
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