Background: To evaluate the effects of long-term acipimox administration on glucose-induced insulin secretion and peripheral insulin sensitivity in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), 20 PCOS subjects (eight lean and 12 obese) and 14 body mass index-matched controls (seven lean and seven obese) were investigated. Methods: Fasting blood samples were collected for basal hormone and lipoprotein assays, after which patients underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The following day a euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp was performed. After 4-6 weeks of treatment with acipimox at a dose of 250 mg given orally three times a day, the patients repeated the study protocol. Results: No significant differences were found in the glucose, insulin or C-peptide responses to OGTT before and after anti-lipolytic drug administration in any group, nor was there any effect on insulin sensitivity. Concerning the lipid profile, acipimox administration led to a significant decrease of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels in obese PCOS patients as well as in obese and lean controls. Lower triglycerides were found after the drug administration in both obese groups. Post-treatment free fatty acid levels were not significantly different when compared with basal values. Conclusions: Acipimox does not appear to be an effective insulin-lowering drug in PCOS, even if it can be used in obese women with PCOS as an additional therapeutic agent to ameliorate the atherogenic lipid profile of the syndrome.

A pilot study of the long-term effects of acipimox in polycystic ovarian syndrome

Guido M.;
2002

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effects of long-term acipimox administration on glucose-induced insulin secretion and peripheral insulin sensitivity in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), 20 PCOS subjects (eight lean and 12 obese) and 14 body mass index-matched controls (seven lean and seven obese) were investigated. Methods: Fasting blood samples were collected for basal hormone and lipoprotein assays, after which patients underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The following day a euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp was performed. After 4-6 weeks of treatment with acipimox at a dose of 250 mg given orally three times a day, the patients repeated the study protocol. Results: No significant differences were found in the glucose, insulin or C-peptide responses to OGTT before and after anti-lipolytic drug administration in any group, nor was there any effect on insulin sensitivity. Concerning the lipid profile, acipimox administration led to a significant decrease of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels in obese PCOS patients as well as in obese and lean controls. Lower triglycerides were found after the drug administration in both obese groups. Post-treatment free fatty acid levels were not significantly different when compared with basal values. Conclusions: Acipimox does not appear to be an effective insulin-lowering drug in PCOS, even if it can be used in obese women with PCOS as an additional therapeutic agent to ameliorate the atherogenic lipid profile of the syndrome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/156091
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