Objective: To assess the effects of the administration of exogenous ghrelin, a peptide with potent GH-releasing activity and glucose-enhancing and insulin-lowering properties, in obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective, controlled study. Setting: Academic research environment. Patient(s): Twenty obese women with PCOS, and 15 obese controls. Intervention(s): Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and ghrelin test (1 μg/kg IV bolus). Main Outcome Measure(s): Basal hormonal assays, including ghrelin, were performed. Glucose, insulin, and C-peptide were assessed in a fasting condition and during the OGTT. Growth hormine, insulin, and glucose were measured basally and every 15 minutes for 90 minutes after the injection of ghrelin. Result(s): Both groups showed an insulin response to the glucose load above the normal range. Significantly lower levels of ghrelin were detected in patients with PCOS compared to controls (108.96 ± 27.65 Fmol/mL versus 162.47 ± 42.23 Fmol/mL). Administration of ghrelin markedly enhanced GH levels in both groups (1,888.59 ± 1,209.53 ng/mL and 1,639.95 ± 631.79 ng/mL per 90 minutes as GH area under the curve, respectively), with a peak occurring 30 minutes after injection. Ghrelin also induced a trend toward an increase in plasma glucose levels, and a significant decrease in insulin concentrations in both groups. Conclusion(s): The injection of ghrelin seems to override the GH secretion defect in obese women with PCOS, and to induce glucoinsulinemic changes in both controls and obese patients with PCOS. © 2007 American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Administration of exogenous ghrelin in obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: effects on plasma levels of growth hormone, glucose, and insulin

Guido M.;
2007

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effects of the administration of exogenous ghrelin, a peptide with potent GH-releasing activity and glucose-enhancing and insulin-lowering properties, in obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective, controlled study. Setting: Academic research environment. Patient(s): Twenty obese women with PCOS, and 15 obese controls. Intervention(s): Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and ghrelin test (1 μg/kg IV bolus). Main Outcome Measure(s): Basal hormonal assays, including ghrelin, were performed. Glucose, insulin, and C-peptide were assessed in a fasting condition and during the OGTT. Growth hormine, insulin, and glucose were measured basally and every 15 minutes for 90 minutes after the injection of ghrelin. Result(s): Both groups showed an insulin response to the glucose load above the normal range. Significantly lower levels of ghrelin were detected in patients with PCOS compared to controls (108.96 ± 27.65 Fmol/mL versus 162.47 ± 42.23 Fmol/mL). Administration of ghrelin markedly enhanced GH levels in both groups (1,888.59 ± 1,209.53 ng/mL and 1,639.95 ± 631.79 ng/mL per 90 minutes as GH area under the curve, respectively), with a peak occurring 30 minutes after injection. Ghrelin also induced a trend toward an increase in plasma glucose levels, and a significant decrease in insulin concentrations in both groups. Conclusion(s): The injection of ghrelin seems to override the GH secretion defect in obese women with PCOS, and to induce glucoinsulinemic changes in both controls and obese patients with PCOS. © 2007 American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/156110
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