Low-temperature (120 K) scanning tunneling microscopy experiments on the one-third of a monolayer alpha-Sn/Si(111) surface have clearly shown that both the substrate and the defect density have an effect on the charge density wave transition from a root 3 x root 3 to a 3 x 3 structure, reported for the isoelectronic system Sn/Ge(111). Both systems show that defects generate exponentially (temperature-dependent) damped electronic disturbances. At room temperature this perturbation decays rapidly at the second-nearest neighbors of the defects while at 120 K its decay length increases to about 11 Angstrom [compared with 50 Angstrom for Sn/Ge(111)], clearly affecting the defect neighbors up to the third coordination shell. In contrast to the Sn/Ge(111) system, there is no sign of a phase transition down to 120 K. At 120 K the high defective surface clearly shows localized 3 x 3 symmetry domains, whilst the vast majority of the low defective surface retains its root 3 x root 3 symmetry. The role of defect-to-defect correlation in originating opposite-phase 3 x 3 symmetry patterns is discussed. An advantage of the Sn/Si(111) system is that the defect density can be controlled; in this study, from a low value of 1% to a high value of 20%. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

STM investigation of the alpha-Sn/Si(111) phase at 120 K

Ottaviano L;LOZZI, Luca;SANTUCCI, Sandro
2000

Abstract

Low-temperature (120 K) scanning tunneling microscopy experiments on the one-third of a monolayer alpha-Sn/Si(111) surface have clearly shown that both the substrate and the defect density have an effect on the charge density wave transition from a root 3 x root 3 to a 3 x 3 structure, reported for the isoelectronic system Sn/Ge(111). Both systems show that defects generate exponentially (temperature-dependent) damped electronic disturbances. At room temperature this perturbation decays rapidly at the second-nearest neighbors of the defects while at 120 K its decay length increases to about 11 Angstrom [compared with 50 Angstrom for Sn/Ge(111)], clearly affecting the defect neighbors up to the third coordination shell. In contrast to the Sn/Ge(111) system, there is no sign of a phase transition down to 120 K. At 120 K the high defective surface clearly shows localized 3 x 3 symmetry domains, whilst the vast majority of the low defective surface retains its root 3 x root 3 symmetry. The role of defect-to-defect correlation in originating opposite-phase 3 x 3 symmetry patterns is discussed. An advantage of the Sn/Si(111) system is that the defect density can be controlled; in this study, from a low value of 1% to a high value of 20%. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/15622
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 37
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 34
social impact