Objectives: The antitumour effect of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) still remains relatively undefined. Most investigations on its mechanism of action have focused on mononuclear cells; little consideration has been given to granulocytes. We analysed urine of patients with bladder cancer during 8 wk of intravesical BCG prophylaxis. The number of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and urothelial cells (UCs) was evaluated. We examined the in vitro response of the T24 UC line to human PMNs after BCG treatment. Methods: Seventeen patients were enrolled in the study. Cytologic analyses were performed on urine samples collected before each BCG instillation and after 2 h from the first voided urine after BCG instillation. Elastase activity was determined on these samples to evaluate PMN activation. PMN-induced damage was measured on the T24 cell line treated with BCG. Results: After BCG treatment, a large number of PMNs transmigrated through the urothelium and PMNs adherent to detached UCs were found. One patient, who did not respond with significant PMN transmigration, experienced recurrent disease. The number of eosinophils that transmigrated was low, with the exception of three patients with recurrent disease. In vitro, PMNs adhered to BCG-primed T24 cells and damaged the monolayer. Conclusions: The results agree with recent evidence that PMNs may play an important role in the antitumour action of BCG during the BCG induction period. This role is probably nonspecific because both normal UCs in vivo and tumour cells in vitro appeared to be injured. As suggested by results obtained from a limited number of patients, a high number of eosinophils in the urine may indicate therapy failure. © 2006.

The role of granulocytes following intravesical BCG prophylaxis

SIRACUSANO S;
2007

Abstract

Objectives: The antitumour effect of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) still remains relatively undefined. Most investigations on its mechanism of action have focused on mononuclear cells; little consideration has been given to granulocytes. We analysed urine of patients with bladder cancer during 8 wk of intravesical BCG prophylaxis. The number of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and urothelial cells (UCs) was evaluated. We examined the in vitro response of the T24 UC line to human PMNs after BCG treatment. Methods: Seventeen patients were enrolled in the study. Cytologic analyses were performed on urine samples collected before each BCG instillation and after 2 h from the first voided urine after BCG instillation. Elastase activity was determined on these samples to evaluate PMN activation. PMN-induced damage was measured on the T24 cell line treated with BCG. Results: After BCG treatment, a large number of PMNs transmigrated through the urothelium and PMNs adherent to detached UCs were found. One patient, who did not respond with significant PMN transmigration, experienced recurrent disease. The number of eosinophils that transmigrated was low, with the exception of three patients with recurrent disease. In vitro, PMNs adhered to BCG-primed T24 cells and damaged the monolayer. Conclusions: The results agree with recent evidence that PMNs may play an important role in the antitumour action of BCG during the BCG induction period. This role is probably nonspecific because both normal UCs in vivo and tumour cells in vitro appeared to be injured. As suggested by results obtained from a limited number of patients, a high number of eosinophils in the urine may indicate therapy failure. © 2006.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/156721
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